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TaxonomyBrowse
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Species Strauzia noctipennis

Tephritidae - Strauzia noctipennis - male Strauzia noctipennis, mating - Strauzia noctipennis - male - female Strauzia noctipennis - male Strauzia noctipennis - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon ("Acalyptratae")
Superfamily Tephritoidea
Family Tephritidae (Fruit Flies)
Subfamily Trypetinae
Tribe Trypetini
Subtribe Trypetina
Genus Strauzia
Species noctipennis (Strauzia noctipennis)
Explanation of Names
Strauzia noctipennis Stoltzfus 1988
Size
Body length: Male: 5.8-8.0 mm. Female: 6.0-8.1 mm. (Stoltzfus 1988)
Identification
Adults are found on the sawtooth sunflower Helianthus grossesrratus. Males have yellow or yellowish brown bodies with dark spots on the mesonotum near wings. Male wings have a very dark coalesced pattern. Females have yellow bodies and may also have small spots on mesonotum. Female wings have an "F" shaped pattern. Female Strauzia noctipennis and Strauzia arculata may be too morphologically similar to identify without genetic data.
Habitat
Parasitizes the sawtooth sunflower, Helianthus grosseserratus.
Season
Adults are present in June and July. Larvae mine the pith of the plant stems in the fall and pupae overwinter in the root or soil.
Life Cycle
Univoltine life cycle (1 generation per year). Adults meet and mate on their host plant Helianthus grosseserratus in June and July.
Remarks
Male Strauzia noctipennis can be identified by their dark coalesced wing patterns. Females may be impossible to identify from Strauzia arculata females using morphological characteristics. Both Strauzia noctipennis and Strauzia arculata are found on the sawtooth sunflower Helianthus grosseserratus.
See Also
Strauzia arculata is also found on Helianthus grosseserratus and can be identified by different wing markings. See https://bugguide.net/node/view/1094085.
Strauzia longipennis varieties look similar to Strauzia noctipennis but are found on a different host plant species, the Jerusalem artichoke Helianthus tuberosus. See https://bugguide.net/node/view/1094085.
Print References
1. Stoltzfus, W. B. "The taxonomy and biology of Strauzia (Diptera: Tephritidae)." Journal of Iowa Academy of Science 95.4 (1988): 117-126.
2. Foote, Richard Herbert, Francis Louis Blanc, and Allen Lee Norrbom. Handbook of the fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of America north of Mexico. Comstock Pub. Associates, 1993. Handbook of the fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of America north of Mexico