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Species Urophora cardui - Canada Thistle Stem Gall Fly

Thistle Stem Gall Fly - Urophora cardui Urophora cardui on goldenrod - Urophora cardui canada thistle stem galls  - Urophora cardui Canada Thistle Stem Gall Fly - Urophora cardui - male tephritid 1 - Urophora cardui Gall on Cirsium, spent puparium - Urophora cardui tephritid - Urophora cardui Canada Thistle Stem Gall Fly - Urophora cardui - male
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon ("Acalyptratae")
Superfamily Tephritoidea
Family Tephritidae (Fruit Flies)
Subfamily Tephritinae
Tribe Myopitini
Genus Urophora
Species cardui (Canada Thistle Stem Gall Fly)
Explanation of Names
Urophora cardui (Linnaeus 1758)
Range
native to central and southern Europe; introduced to North America for weed control(1)
Food
Canada Thistle (Cirsium arvense)(1)
Life Cycle
One to thirty eggs are laid in stems during plant's growing season. Overwinters in the third instar, mature larva, within a stem gall on Canada thistle. Pupates in early spring.
Remarks
Release has been approved by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection service (Canada). It is no threat to non target species. Thistle is reduced by as much as 48% and grasses and forbs return to previously infested areas.
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