Other Common Names
Dohrn's Elegant Eucnemid Beetle
One extant species N. of Mexico
Blood red and black colorations is the best diagnostic feature.
Largely found in a mixed coniferous forest system in the mountains.
Larvae have been taken in incense cedar. Adults were found beneath the bark of sugar pines and incense cedar.
The highly unusual larvae were found boring in the bark near the base of the stump, close to the soil.
A very interesting paper was published in the April edition of Cladistics. Jyrki Muona and a team of Chinese Paleontologists described a first compression fossil for a eucnemid larva. This larva is none other than Palaeoxenus sinensis
, exposing the extant Dohrn's elegant eucnemid beetle (Palaeoxenus dohrnii
) to be the family's only living fossil. The existence of the group dates back to the Cretaceous period, roughly 123 million years ago. The article is open access through the journal's website: (Cladistics
Boving, A.G. & Graighead, F.C. 1930. An illustrated Synopsis of the Principle Larval Forms of Coleoptera. Entomological Americana (new series) 11: 1-351. --(ventral aspect of larva illustrated, no formal description made)
Chang Huali, Jyrki Muona, et al. 2016. Chinese Cretaceous larva exposes a southern Californian living fossil (Insecta, Coleoptera, Eucnemidae). Cladistics 32: 211-214. -- (Chinese larval description)
Fenyes, A. 1903. Paleoxenus (Cryptosoma) dohrnii Horn. Entomological News 11: 220. -- (biological observations)
Horn, G.H. 1878. Contribution to the Coleopterology of the United States II. Transactions to the American Entomological Society 7: 51-60. -- (species description)
Horn, G.H. 1882. Notes on some little known genera and species of Coleoptera. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 10(1): 113- . -- (illustration of adult)
Horn, G.H. 1891. New Species and Miscellaneus Notes. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 18: 32-48. -- (description of Palaeoxenus)
Muona, J. 2000. A revision of the Nearctic Eucnemidae. Acta Zoologica Fennica 212: 1-106.