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Species Conalcaea cantralli

Conalcaea cantralli? - Conalcaea cantralli - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Orthoptera (Grasshoppers, Crickets, Katydids)
Suborder Caelifera (Grasshoppers)
Family Acrididae (Short-horned Grasshoppers)
Subfamily Melanoplinae (Spur-throated Grasshoppers)
Tribe Conalcaeini
Genus Conalcaea
Species cantralli (Conalcaea cantralli)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Conalcaea cantralli Gurney, 1951. Type locality: near General Springs, Coconino County, Arizona
Identification
Distinction as a species from Conalcaea huachucana is dubious, and based on minor differences in male genitalia. Conalcaea cantralli displaces Conalcaea huachucana geographically. Conalcaea huachucana subspecies coyoterae is roughly intermediate in character between C. cantralli and "typical" subspecies huachucana which occurs further to the southeast. C. cantralli has the male cerci somewhat more broadened apically (on average), and the aedeagus is somewhat different in shape.

Distinction from other short-winged species it may occur with can be made by noting the lengthwise half and half color pattern of the small oval tegmina (front wings), this is commonly black and white, particularly in males. Hind tibiae are usually red or reddish. There is usually a pale middorsal stripe on the abdomen (sometimes on thorax and head too). Build is stockier than most other similar species which co-occur. Pronotum is emarginate (concave-angled) or sometimes almost straight at rear margin (in most related species it is convex and rounded or angled), and the top of the pronotum is distinctly wider at rear than at front with principal sulcus (cross groove that is furthest back) cutting middle roughly 2/3 the distance from front edge to back edge.
Range
extreme northwestern Gila, northern Yavapai, southern Coconino, and eastern Mojave Counties, Arizona; apparently not north of Colorado River.
Habitat
Mostly associated with Pine and Oak woodland or scrub above about 6000 ft in mountains.
Season
eggs hatch usually in spring with adults in summer and autumn