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Species Monopis longella - Hodges#0418.1

moth - Monopis longella Yellow-headed Monopis Moth - Hodges #0418.1 - Monopis longella Yellow-headed Monopis Moth  - Hodges#0418.1 (Monopis pavlovski) - Monopis longella Yellow-headed Monopis Moth - Hodges #0418.1 - Monopis longella Pavlovski's Monopis moth? - Monopis longella Pavlovski's Monopis - Monopis longella Monopis longella - Hodges#0418.1 - Monopis longella Monopis longella
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Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tineoidea (Tubeworm, Bagworm, and Clothes Moths)
Family Tineidae (Clothes Moths)
Subfamily Tineinae
Genus Monopis
Species longella (Monopis longella - Hodges#0418.1)
Hodges Number
Other Common Names
Yellow-headed Monopis
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Monopis longella (Walker, 1863)
Tinea longella Walker, 1863
Monopis pavlovskii Zagulajev, 1955
Explanation of Names
Monopis longella (Walker, 1863), previously treated as a synonym of Monopis monachella (Hübner, 1796) in Meyrick (1894) and the 1983 Hodges Checklist, includes as a synonym Monopis pavlovskii Zagulajev, 1955, Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 63(1): 6. This synonymy was overlooked until recently.
Monopis pavlovskii corrects spelling of pavlovski.
WS ~12–14mm
Head: Head white to pale yellow. Palpi long, folded, darker on underside.
Antenna: 1st half dark, rest lighter. Segment 1 yellow.
Thorax: White to pale yellow.
Wings: Dark brown with dashed intermittent white to pale yellow scales and 3 white marks along wing tip. Wings have 3 to 5 tufts along inner border. Large white to pale yellow patch with diagonal edge extends from mid wing to tip on costal edge. Patch encompasses the round semi-hyaline circle (typical of Monopis) and another larger stained patch along costa.
Legs: Dark, except hind foot white
Note: Description done by photos. No North American information on this species.
Introduced from Asia, this species has spread throughout eastern US and Canada.
Type locality (Monopis longella): North Hindostan, India.
Type locality (Monopis pavlovskii): former USSR.
Most records are April through October. July to September in north.
Animal hair and feathers, usually live in bird nests. (Huang et al., 2011)
Monopis longella is a member of the Monopis monachella species complex (see Huang et al. 2011) which is currently represented at BOLD by the following BIN groups (5/26/2019). It would appear that a revision of this complex may be needed:
BOLD:ACD6617 = Monopis iunctio (China and Indonesia)
BOLD:ACZ5670 = possible undescribed Monopis species from Africa near M. iunctio
BOLD:ACS7044 = possible undescribed Monopis species from Madagascar near M. longella (= pavlovskii)
BOLD:AAK6590 = possible undescribed Monopis species from Australia near M. longella
BOLD:AAP6065 = possible undescribed Monopis species from China and Australia near M. longella (lacks dark smudge in pale spot of forewing)
BOLD:AAE4730 = Monopis longella (listed as pavlovskii) (Asia and North America)
BOLD:AAB1740 = Monopis monachella (Euope only)
BOLD:AAB1739 = possible undescribed Monopis species from North America near M. monachella
See Also
Monopis monachella lacks a dark stain within large white patch on costal margin of forewing.
Print References
Huang, G.H., L.S. Chen, T. Hirowatari, Y. Nasu, M. Wang, 2011. A revision of the Monopis monachella species complex (Lepidoptera: Tineidae) from China. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 63(1): 1–14.
Meyrick, E., 1894. On a collection of Lepidoptera from Upper Burma. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, 1894 27.
Walker, 1863: 479. (1)
Zagulajev, 1955. Genus Monopis Hb. (Lepidoptera, Tineidae) and its new species. Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta Akademiia nauk SSSR. 21: 282. (Monopis pavlovskii)