Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Apoid Wasps (Apoidea)- traditional Sphecidae


Sphecid wasps of the world: a generic revision
By Richard Mitchell Bohart, Arnold S. Menke
University of California Press, 1976
This is an excellent reference work!! The entire masterly obra magnum (675+ pages!) can be read beginning at the link below:

      https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_FExMjuRhjpIC/page/n1

...provided courtesy of the "Internet Archive".

Thanks to Jeff for pointing to this link, which provides access to the entire work...unlike the incomplete coverage available at the Google Books link I had originally posted here.

Palmodes praestans and its prey (Ortho.)
By A. N. Caudell
Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, Vol. 21, No. 2, p. 40, 1919

A Revisionary Study of the Genus Steniolia (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae: Bembicini)
By James E. Gillaspy
Transactions of the American Entomological Society, Vol. 89, No. 1/2, pp. 1-117, 1963

A key to the species of Ectemnius in America north of Mexico with notes and description of a new species (Hymenoptera:Sphecidae)
By Bohart R.M., Kimsey L.S.
Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 81: 486-498, 1979

Hyménoptères Sphécides Crabroniens des Amériques du genre Crossocerus Lepeletier & Brullé, 1835.
By Leclercq, Jean
Notes fauniques de Gembloux, n°40, pp. 3-75, 2000
Available as a PDF at: http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/entomology/Entomology_Resources/Hymenoptera/sphecidae/copies/Leclercq_2000d_American_Crossocerus.pdf

This paper is a revision of the New World members of genus Crossocerus (i.e. taxa of North, Central, & South America...or equivalently the "Nearctic & Neotropical" biogeographical realms).

Wespen - beobachten, bestimmen (Wasps - observing, identifying)
By Rolf Witt
Naturbuch Verlag, Augsburg, Germany, 1998
This well illustrated pocket-sized book of 360 pages is divided into a General Part describing wasps as a group (pages 9 - 79) and a Special Part (pages 80 - 336) giving keys to Vespidae, Crabronidae, Sphecidae etc. and their nests as well as illustrated descriptions of Embolemidae, Dryinidae, Bethylidae, Chrysididae, Sapygidae, Tiphiidae, Myrmosidae, Scoliidae, Mutillidae, Vespidae (incl. Polistinae, Vespinae, Masarinae, Eumeninae), Pompilidae, Crabronidae, Sphecidae. The illustrated decriptions of selected species include info on body length, range, habitats, phenology (months of appearance), biology incl.

Range extension of Pseneo punctatus Fox and notes on predation of an introduced sharpshooter, Homalodisca coagulata (Say)
By Bethke, J. A., Campbell, K. A., Blua, M. J., Redak, R. A. and Yanega, D. A.
The Pan-Pacific entomologist 77(1): 54-56, 2001

A review of the genus Bicyrtes (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae, Nyssoninae, Bembicini)
By R.M. Bohart
Insecta Mundi, 10:139-152, 1996