Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Superfamily Vespoidea - Yellowjackets and Hornets, Paper Wasps; Potter, Mason and Pollen Wasps and allies


Notes on Vespoidea
By Viereck, H.L.
Entomological news and proceedings of the entomological section of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, vol. 13, no., 1902
Useful for keying P. carnifex and P. major, which range into the southern US.
Full text

The social Vespidae of the Guianas, particularly of British Guiana (Hymenoptera)
By Bequeart, J.C.
Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, vol. 94, no. 7, pp. 249-304., 1944
Useful for keying P. carnifex and P. major, which range into the southern US.
Full text (relevant portion of the key)

Unravelling cryptic species diversity in eastern Nearctic paper wasps, Polistes (Fuscopolistes), using male genitalia...
By Buck M., Cobb T.P., Stahlhut J.K., Hanner R.H.
Zootaxa 3502: 1-48, 2012
Full title: Unravelling cryptic species diversity in eastern Nearctic paper wasps, Polistes (Fuscopolistes), using male genitalia, morphometrics and DNA barcoding, with descriptions of two new species (Hymenoptera: Vespidae).
Full text

Natural History and Evolution of Paper-Wasps (Oxford Science Publications)
By Stefano Turillazzi, Mary Jane West-Eberhard
Oxford University Press, 1996

Yellowjackets of America North of Mexico
By Akre, R.D., A. Greene, J.F. MacDonald, P.J. Landolt, and H.G. Davis
U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1980
Agriculture Handbook No. 552, 102 pp.

Might be available by contacting:
Superintendent of Documents
US Government Printing Office
Washington, DC 20402

Records and flower preferences of masarid wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae)
By Cooper K.W., Bequaert J.
Psyche 57: 137-142, 1951

Checklist of species of the subfamily Masarinae (Hymenoptera, Vespidae)
By Carpenter J.M.
American Museum novitates 3325. 40 pp., 2001

The Pollen Wasps
By Sarah K. Gess