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Species Archips mortuana - Dusky-back leaf roller - Hodges#3649

Moth 9 7-1 - Archips mortuana Moth 9 7-1 - Archips mortuana moth ID - Archips mortuana moth - Archips mortuana Archips mortuana? - Archips mortuana - male Archipini? - Archips mortuana
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tortricoidea (Tortricid Moths)
Family Tortricidae (Tortricid Moths)
Subfamily Tortricinae
Tribe Archipini
Genus Archips
Species mortuana (Dusky-back leaf roller - Hodges#3649)
Hodges Number
3649
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Archips mortuana Kearfott, 1907
Archipa argyrospila var. mortuana Kearfott, 1907 (1)
Phylogenetic sequence #620324
Explanation of Names
Specific epithet from Latin meaning "death." Originally described as a subspecies of Archips argyrospila with all colors "replaced by grays" giving it a dead appearance. (1)
Size
Forewing length: 7-9 mm. (2)
Wingspan: 18-20 mm. (1)
Identification
Similar to Archips argyrospila, but darker.
Range
MPG records from Maine, Michigan, and New York. (3).
Types and other described material: Ottawa, Sept. 23 and April 21 (C.H. Young); Hampton, New Hampshire, Oct. 18, Mar. 28 to May 2 (S. Albert Shaw).
Season
MPG records from May to August (3).
Food
"Chapman and Lienk (1971) consider apple and hawthorn to be the primary larval hosts in the northeastern U.S." (2)
Life Cycle
"Females lay eggs in masses of approximately 60-80 individual eggs. Eggs overwinter and first instar larvae hatch the following spring. Larvae feed primarily on leaves and pupation occurs within the final larval feeding site" (2).
Remarks
"Archips mortuana is part of the Archips argyrospila species complex, and it was once hypothesized to simply be a dark form of A. argyrospila (Powell, 1964). Chapman and Lienk (1971) demonstrated that the sex pheromone for A. mortuana is different from A. argyrospila, providing evidence that the two are indeed separate species" (2).
Print References
Chapman, P.J. & S.E. Lienk. 1971. Tortricid fauna of apple in New York (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae); including an account of apple's occurrence in the state, especially as a naturalized plant. Spec. Publ. Geneva, NY: New York State Agricultural Experiment Station. 122 pp.
Freeman, T.N., 1958. The Archipinae of North America (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). The Canadian Entomologist Supplement 7 (Vol. 90): 1-89.
Kearfott, W.D., 1907. New micro-lepidoptera. The Canadian Entomologist 39(5): 158. (1)
Powell, J.A., 1964. Biological and taxonomic studies on tortricine moths, with reference to the species in California. University of California Publications in Entomology 32: 317 pp.
Works Cited
1.New micro-leidoptera
W.D. Kearfott. 1907. The Canadian Entomologist 39(1-6): 1-9, 53-60, 77-84, 121-128, 153-160, 211-212.
2.Tortricids of Agricultural Importance
Todd M. Gilligan and Marc E. Epstein.
3.North American Moth Photographers Group