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Species Apodrepanulatrix liberaria - Hodges#6693

 Apodrepanulatrix liberaria  - Apodrepanulatrix liberaria  Apodrepanulatrix liberaria  - Apodrepanulatrix liberaria Apodrepanulatrix liberaria Apodrepanulatrix liberaria  - Apodrepanulatrix liberaria Apodrepanulatrix liberaria - female Apodrepanulatrix liberaria - male Apodrepanulatrix liberaria Apodrepanulatrix liberaria
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Geometroidea (Geometrid and Swallowtail Moths)
Family Geometridae (Geometrid Moths)
Subfamily Ennominae
Tribe Caberini
Genus Apodrepanulatrix
Species liberaria (Apodrepanulatrix liberaria - Hodges#6693)
Hodges Number
6693
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Apodrepanulatrix liberaria (Walker, 1860)
Apicia? [sic] liberaria Walker, 1860
Aspilates liberaria Hulst, 1887
Deilinia liberaria Hulst, 1896
Depanulatrix liberaria Barnes and McDunnough, 1917
Cabera (Drepanulatrix) liberaria Forbes, 1948
Macaria integraria Walker, 1861
Deilinia integraria Dyar, 1902
Drepanulatrix integraria Barnes and McDunnough, 1917
Aspilates lintneraria Packard, 1874
Zonosoma lintneraria Gumppenberg, 1892
Deilinia lintneraria Dyar, 1902
Drepanudatrix lintneraria Barnes and McDunnough, 1916
Diastictis helena Hulst, 1896
Cymatophora helena Dyar, 1902
Drepanudatrix helena Barnes and McDunnough, 1916
Drepanudatrix liberaria helena Barnes and McDunnough, 1917
Size
Wingspan: 25-35 mm (1) (2). Larvae to 30 mm (Massachusetts Division of Fisheries & Wildlife).
Identification
"Although there is variation in the extent of the brown shading, the general color, pointed apex on the forewing, and late-season flight period should be diagnostic" (2) in the eastern United States.
Range
"Spottily distributed from extreme southern Quebec and southern Ontario southward into northern Florida and Mississippi (2).
Habitat
"Populations occur in habitats where the food plant is abundant or at least widely distributed. This includes dry sandy habitats like remnant oak savannahs, openings in oak woodlands, pine barrens, rock outcrops, and in open ridge-top woods. Some historical populations were on more disturbed sites such as an old gravel pit in New Haven County, Connecticut (in the late 1970s). Powerlines through barrens often provide habitat today. The sand plains of Wisconsin and probably Michigan, along with Appalachian shale barrens, are probably the strongholds for now Apodrepanulatrix liberaria" (2).
Season
"On the wing from August through October, rarely as early as June" (1).
Food
New Jersey tea (Ceanothus americanus) (1).
Remarks
Listed as an endangered species in Massachusetts.
Print References
Rindge, F. H. 1949. A revision of the geometrid moths formerly assigned to Drepanulatrix (Lepidoptera). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 94(5): 231-298.
Schweitzer, D. F., M. C. Minno, and D. L. Wagner. 2011. Rare, declining, and poorly known butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera) of forests and woodlands in the eastern United States. U.S. Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, Morgantown, West Virginia, FHTET-2011-01. 517 pp.
Walker, 1860. Geometries. List of the specimens of lepidopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. 20: 239
Works Cited
1.A revision of the geometrid moths formerly assigned to Drepanulatrix (Lepidoptera)
Frederick H. Rindge. 1949. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 94(5).
2.Rare, Declining, and Poorly Known Butterflies and Moths of Forests and Woodlands in the Eastern United States
Dale F. Schweitzer, Marc C. Minno, David L. Wagner. 2011. U.S. Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, FHTET-2011-01. .
3.North American Moth Photographers Group
4.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems