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Family Dryadaulidae - Dancing Moths

Hawaiian Dancing Moth - Hodges #0307.1 - Dryadaula terpsichorella - female Caribbean Scavenger Moth - Hodges #0304 - Dryadaula terpsichorella Dryadaula sp. or visaliella Hodges 0307  - Dryadaula Dryadaula Moth No. 41  - Dryadaula Scavenger dancing moth, Dryadaula terpsichorella  - Dryadaula moth - Dryadaula terpsichorella Dryadaula visaliella - Dryadaula Moth - Dryadaula terpsichorella
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tineoidea (Tubeworm, Bagworm, and Clothes Moths)
Family Dryadaulidae (Dancing Moths)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Dryadaulidae Bradley, 1966
Formerly a subfamily of Tineidae (Dryadaulinae). Given full family status by Regier et al. (2014) (1)
Explanation of Names
"Adults of D. terpsichorella are sometimes referred to as dancing moths (Swezey, 1909; Lee et al., 2014), because of the dance-like gyrations they often display after alighting on a leaf" (1).
Numbers
Two species in one genus in our area. (2) There are numerous undescribed species.
Size
"Small moths with wingspans ∼7–13 mm" (1).
Identification
"Forewings slender, with moderately broad, subacute apices. Venation of hindwing reduced, M3 absent. Male genitalia typically with asymmetrical valvae. Female oviscapt greatly reduced in length; anterior apophyses usually absent, or greatly reduced ... Diagnostic features for the family include the spatulate apical segment of the labial palpi and certain specializations of wing structure, such as the relatively long, narrow male retinaculum and the loss of an M vein (M1 fused with 2) in the hindwing" (1).
Food
"It is believed that the larvae of most species are general detritivores or feed on lichens and fungi, habits that also are typical of many Tineidae" (1).
Life Cycle
"Little is known about the biology and immature stages of Dryadaulidae. ... Much of what is known about the biology of Dryadaula was reviewed by Zimmerman (1978) from previous reports by Swezey (1909) on the life history of the Hawaiian Dryadaula terpsichorella (Busck)" (1).
Print References
Lee, G.-E., Hayden, J. & Kawahara, A.Y. (2014) External egg morphology of the Hawaiian Dancing Moth, Dryadaula terpsichorella. Journal of Natural History, 48, 969–974.
Swezey, O.H. (1909) The Hawaiian sugar cane Bud Moth (Ereunetis flavistriata) with an account of some allied species and natural enemies. Hawaiian Sugar Planters Association Experiment Station Entomological Bulletin, 6, 1–40.
Zimmerman, E.C. (1978) Microlepidoptera. Part 1. Monotrysia, Tineoidea, Gracillarioidea, Yponomeutoidea, and Alucitoidea. Insects of Hawaii, 9, 1–881.
Works Cited
1.A molecular phylogeny and revised classification for the oldest ditrysian moth lineages (Lepidoptera: Tineoidea)
Jerome Regier, Charles Mitter, Donald Davis, Terry Harrison, Jae-Cheon Sohn, Michael Cummings, Andreas Zwick, and Kim Mitter. 2014. Systematic Entomology.
2.Annotated taxonomic checklist of the Lepidoptera of North America, North of Mexico
Pohl, G.R., Patterson, B., & Pelham, J.P. 2016. ResearchGate.net.