Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
members formerly placed in the family Tineidae
, then its own family, Acrolophidae, and now back again as a subfamily.
some species listed in the genus Amydria are considered by some references to be in a third genus, Ptilopsaltis.
Explanation of Names
Larvae of some species construct long silken tubes in the soil, thus "tubeworm".
For origin of subfamily name, see genus Acrolophus
Adult: usually brown, gray, or tan with few markings; labial palps
often hairy, and when extended over the head give the moth a furry-headed appearance.
Larva: grayish or dirty white with a brown head
describes the family:
These are large, stout, noctuid-like moths; some of the species have a wing-expanse of 30 mm or more. The eyes are usually hairy, in which respect they differ from other "Micros." The antennae are without an eye-cap. The labial palpi are large, and usually upcurved to the middle of the front; in the males of some species they are thrown back on the dorsum of the thorax, which they equal in length. The first segment is relatively very large; when the palpus is short it is longer than the second segment; the thorax is tufted. The venation of the wings is quite generalized; the base of media is more or less preserved, and all the branches of the branched veins are present; there are three anal veins in both fore and hind wings; in the forewings the tip of the third anal vein coalesces with the second anal vein.
Southwestern United States and as far north as Pennsylvania and Wisconsin in the eastern two-thirds of United States.
Mostly tropical as a family, the majority of species occurring in Central and South America.
At least one species from May onward, but in the southwest many fly from mid to late summer
Some larvae feed on soil detritus and the roots of grasses and other herbaceous plants; others are coprophagous. Little or nothing is known about the larvae of most species- it has been speculated that many live in animal nests or burrows and have thus escaped discovery.
Monophyly has been strongly confirmed for this subfamily (3)
pinned adult image
of Amydria effrentella
plus other info (Gerald Fauske, Moths of North Dakota)
all life stage drawings
of Acrolophus popeanellus
plus other info (North Carolina State U.)
of Acrolophus propinquus
(Larry Line, Maryland)
Encyclopedia of Life--Acrolophidae
Tree of Life Web--Acrolophidae