Subfamily Dynastinae - Rhinoceros Beetles
The Dynastine Scarab Beetles of the USA and Canada (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae)By Brett C. Ratcliffe & Ronald D. Cave
University of Nebraska State Museum, Vol 30, 298 pp, 2017
The 61 species and two subspecies of dynastine scarab beetles that occur in the United States of America (including Guam) and Canada are reviewed. Discussions of historical collecting, people, climate, vegetation, and habitats are presented. Keys to all tribes, genera, and species in the study area are given. Descriptions, recorded geographic localities and temporal distributions, diagnoses, notes on natural history, illustrations, and distribution maps are provided for all species. Also included are synopses of the higher-level taxa of the subfamily in the region, a glossary, and a species checklist.
White Grubs and Their Allies, a Study of North American Scarabaeoid LarvaeBy Paul O. Ritcher
Oregon State University Press, Corvallis. 219 pp., 1966
Excellent source of much scarab life cycle information.
The product of over 30 years of research.
Ritcher, P.O. 1966. White Grubs and Their Allies, a Study of North American Scarabaeoid Larvae. Monograph Series No. 4. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis. 219 pp.
About the author:
Dr. Paul Ritcher is well known for his work on scarab larvae. This work culminated in his 1966 book entitled White Grubs and Their Allies published by the Oregon State University Press. Ritcher worked as an Assistant and then Associate Entomologist for the Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station from 1936 to 1949 and as a Research Professor of Entomology at North Carolina State College from 1949-1952. He was a Professor of Entomology and chair of the Department of Entomology at Oregon State University from 1952-1974, and he served as the curator of the insect collection from 1971 to 1974. Ritcher also served as the President of the Entomological Society of America in 1970, President of the Coleopterists Society in 1975, and President of the Oregon Entomological Society in 1955-56. He had 81 publications and one book, and approximately 41 publications were related to scarabs.
Xyloryctes Hope, 1837 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae: Oryctini) in the United States. Qui es et ubi fuisti et quo vadis?By Ratcliffe, B.C.
Insecta Mundi 0100: 1-11., 2009
Brett C. Ratcliffe. 2009. Xyloryctes
Hope, 1837 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae: Oryctini) in the United States. Qui es et ubi fuisti et quo vadis?
Insecta Mundi 0100: 1-11.
(Qui es et ubi fuisti et quo vadis?
= Who you are, and where you have been and where are you going?)
The Genus Strategus Kirby (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae) in LouisianaBy Junsuk Kim and Vernon Antoine Brou Jr.
Southern Lepidopterists' News, 2018
This study compiles records for 686 adult specimens of Strategus
captured or documented within the state of Louisiana.
Kim, J. and V. A. Brou, Jr. 2018. The Genus Strategus
Kirby (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae) in Louisiana. Southern Lepidopterists’ News, 40
A revision of the genus Strategus.By Ratcliffe, B.C.
Bulletin of the University of Nebraska State Museum 10(3): 93-204., 1976
Link to Full Text
Ratcliffe, B.C. 1976. A revision of the genus Strategus
. Bulletin of the University of Nebraska State Museum 10(3): 93-204.
The New World genus Strategus
Kirby is here defined and revised for the first time. Eight species are described as new: S. atlanticus, S. caymani, S. craigi, S. hipposiderus, S. howdeni, S. longichomperus, S. symphenax
, and S. tarquinius
; 12 new junior synonyms are established (including the rejection of six previously valid species); one species is raised from synonymy; and two new replacement names are proposed.