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Subfamily Cetoniinae - Fruit and Flower Chafers

large beetle - Osmoderma subplanata Scarab Beetle  - Osmoderma scabra Euphoria sepulcralis Cremastocheilus sp. - Cremastocheilus armatus Euphoria - Euphoria kernii grub - Osmoderma Hairy Flower Scarab? - Trichiotinus assimilis Trichiotinus? - Trichiotinus affinis
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
Superfamily Scarabaeoidea (Scarab, Stag and Bess Beetles)
Family Scarabaeidae (Scarab Beetles)
Subfamily Cetoniinae (Fruit and Flower Chafers)
Other Common Names
Flower Beetles
Explanation of Names
Cetoniinae Leach 1815
based on Old World genus Cetonia (origin of name is obscure)
Numbers
55 spp. in 13 genera in our area(1), ~3,000 spp. in ~400 genera total
Identification
Characteristics(2)(3):
body shape usually somewhat flattened
antennal insertion is visible from above--clypeus with sides constricted in the middle, just in front of the eyes
mandibles and labrum hidden by clypeus
pygidium exposed
tarsal claws simple (not forked), subequal in size
Range
mostly tropical; in our area, widespread(2), 17 spp. reach Canada(4)
Habitat
adults on flowers, tree sap, rotting fruit; some are myrmecophilous
Food
Larvae feed on roots, organic material in soil, or decaying wood
Works Cited
1.The Scarabaeoid Beetles of Nebraska
Brett C. Ratcliffe & M.J. Paulsen. 2008. University of Nebraska State Museum, Vol 22, 570 pp.
2.Scarab beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) of South Carolina
Phillip J. Harpootlian. 2001. Clemson University Public Service.
3.Peterson Field Guides: Beetles
Richard E. White. 1983. Houghton Mifflin Company.
4.Checklist of beetles (Coleoptera) of Canada and Alaska. Second edition
Bousquet Y., Bouchard P., Davies A.E., Sikes D.S. 2013. ZooKeys 360: 1–402.