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Family Berothidae - Beaded Lacewings

Beaded Lacewing - Lomamyia - female Beaded Lacewing - Lomamyia squamosa Lomamyia Lomamyia Lomamyia Beaded Lacewing - Lomamyia longicollis Beaded Lacewing - Lomamyia Lomamyia
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Neuroptera (Antlions, Owlflies, Lacewings, Mantidflies and Allies)
Suborder Hemerobiiformia (Lacewings, Mantidflies and Allies)
Family Berothidae (Beaded Lacewings)
Explanation of Names
Berothidae Handlirsch 1908
from Old World genus Berotha Walker 1860. That likely from the Biblical place-name, Beeroth (modern Beirut)
Numbers
12 spp. in a single genus in our area(1), ~100 spp. in 22 genera total
Size
>8mm(2)
Identification
Antenna shorter than forewing, with enlarged base and no club(3); forewing emarginate before apex in the sole North American genus(2)
Life Cycle
Eggs stalked, laid on wood surfaces near termite nests. Larvae (of Lomamyia, at least) live with and prey on termites, using an immobilizing gas (containing an allomone) discharged from their anus(1)(4)(Johnson & Hagen 1981). Adults come to lights(4).
Print References
Aspock U. (1986) The present state of knowledge of the family Berothidae (Neuropteroidea: Planipennia). Recent Research in Neuropterology (Full text)
Johnson J.B., Hagen K.S. (1981) A neuropterous larva uses an allomone to attack termites. Nature 289: 506-507 (abstract)
Works Cited
1.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
2.A Field Guide to Insects
Richard E. White, Donald J. Borror, Roger Tory Peterson. 1998. Houghton Mifflin Co.
3.A Dictionary of Entomology
George Gordh, David H. Headrick. 2003. CABI Publishing.
4.Borror and DeLong's Introduction to the Study of Insects
Norman F. Johnson, Charles A. Triplehorn. 2004. Brooks Cole.