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Genus Halictus - Furrow Bees

7009802 bee - Halictus ligatus - male White striped wasp for ID - Halictus rubicundus - male Halictid - Halictus confusus - female Bee 4209 - Halictus rubicundus Halictus rubicundus? - Halictus rubicundus - female Halictidae - Halictus rubicundus - female Bee - Halictus ligatus Bee Identification Project  - Halictus confusus - male
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon (Aculeata - Ants, Bees and Stinging Wasps)
No Taxon (Apoidea (clade Anthophila) - Bees)
Family Halictidae (Sweat, Furrow, Nomiine, and Short-faced Bees)
Subfamily Halictinae (Sweat and Furrow Bees)
Tribe Halictini
Genus Halictus (Furrow Bees)
Pronunciation
ha-LICK-tuss
Numbers
10 spp. in 5 subgenera in our area, ~200 spp. in 18 subgenera worldwide(1)
Subgenera in our area:
Nealictus: 2 spp., both in our area(1)
Odontalictus: 2 spp., both in our area(1)
Pachyceble: 4 spp. in our area, 22 spp. worldwide/total(1)
Protohalictus: a single species in our area, 14 spp. worldwide/total(1)
Vestitohalictus: a single species in our area, 15 spp. worldwide/total(1)
Identification
The hair bands are apical, not basal (like many Andrena, but unlike most Lasioglossum). Wing veins all strong (versus one or more apical crossveins conspicuously weak in Lasioglossum females).
Key to northwestern spp. in(2)

OVERVIEW OF SPECIES


     

     

     

     

     


     

     




     
Range
much of the world but absent is Australasia (1 introduced sp.) and poorly represented in SE. Asia and S. America (map); in our area, all 10 spp. occur in the US, 7 in Canada(1)
Habitat
general; particularly numerous in sandy areas
Season
Early spring-late fall; all year in Florida and south Texas
Remarks
Most Lasioglossum species were described in Halictus when this was defined much more broadly to include most non-parasitic Halictini.
Many species are eusocial with groups ranging from 2-4 to >200 females.
Print References
Pesenko, y.A. 1984. A subgeneric classification of bees of the genus Halictus Latreille sensu stricto. Entomological Review 63(3):1-20.