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Species Calligrapha ancoralis

Calligrapha, maybe ancoralis? - Calligrapha ancoralis - male - female Calligrapha ancoralis? - Calligrapha ancoralis Calligrapha ancoralis? - Calligrapha ancoralis Calligrapha ancoralis? - Calligrapha ancoralis Calligrapha ancoralis - female Calligrapha ancoralis - female Calligrapha ancoralis Calligrapha ancoralis
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
No Taxon (Series Cucujiformia)
Superfamily Chrysomeloidea (Long-horned and Leaf Beetles)
Family Chrysomelidae (Leaf Beetles)
Subfamily Chrysomelinae
Tribe Chrysomelini
Subtribe Doryphorina
Genus Calligrapha
No Taxon (subgenus Calligrapha)
Species ancoralis (Calligrapha ancoralis)
Explanation of Names
Calligrapha ancoralis Stål, 1860
ancoralis refers to the typical pattern on elytra.
Size
9.5 mm (1)
Identification
In the typical pattern, the humeral moon-shaped macula is narrowly seperated from both the enclosed dark spot, and the subsutural band (on 2nd. interval).
The rear end of dark 3rd. interval is bending outwards, turning forward and may almost reach the humeral "moon", forming an anchor-like figure. This pattern can be broken into spots, however.
A dark spot at about the middle of elytral side margin always present, as in the C.scalaris-group. In the latter, black on 3rd. interval is not notably extending outwards.
Range
s. AZ / Mexico, S to Veracruz and southern tip of Baja California. One old TX record to be considered doubtful (1)
Food
Unknown. Several Mex. collections made on Tillandsia sp. (Bromeliaceae), but this is very unlikely a host, rather a good hideaway for summer diapause.
Remarks
Not listed in Riley et al. (2003)(2), nor in Clark et al. (2004)(3)
Historical US records first reported by Gómez-Zurita (2015)(1):
FSCA:
one specimen: USA, Arizona, Santa Rita Mts., Madera Cyn., 21.vii.1968;
one specimen: USA, AZ, Santa Cruz, Pena Blanca Pajarito, 25.vii.1962, R.H. Arnett, Jr. & E. Van Kassell, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita det. 2011
NMNH:
one specimen: Nogales, Ariz. ix.25.1959, D.E. Noel, Calligrapha sp. det ’60 D.M. Weisman;
one specimen: U.S.A. Texas, Lee Co., Fedor, F. Monrós Collection 1959, Calligrapha wickhami Bowditch, F. Monrós det. 1954, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita det. 2011
Note, the Lee Co., Texas record "is an extremely doubtful record." (1)
In addition, Gene Hall, University of Arizona Insect Collection Manager, reports (facebook, 2016) the following information from the UAIC:
"We have an old specimen of this species in the UAIC labeled "Ariz." from the CW Leng Collection, but unfortunately with no collecting date."
This minimally labeled spmn in the UAIC may be the source for Calligrapha ancoralis being included in "The Leng Catalog"(4) here.
Print References
Gómez-Zurita, J. (2015): Systematic revision of the genus Calligrapha Chevrolat (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Chrysomelinae) in Central America: The group of Calligrapha argus Stål. Zootaxa 3922, 1-71. (1)
Jacoby, M. (1882) Biologia Centrali-Americana: Insecta. Coleoptera. Phytophaga (part). Volume VI, Part 1 (Supp.) Tab. 10, Fig. 20, Pg. 197
Stål, C. (1860) Till kännedomen om Chrysomelidae. Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar, 17, 455–470. (Full Text)
Stål, C. (1865) Monographie des Chrysomélides de l’Amérique. C. A. Leffler, Uppsala, 365 pp. (Full Text)
Works Cited
1.Systematic revision of the genus Calligrapha Chevrolat (Chrysomelidae) in Central America: The group of Calligrapha argus Stål.
Gómez-Zurita, J. 2015. Zootaxa 3922, 1-71.
2.Catalog of Leaf Beetles of America North of Mexico
Ed Riley, Shawn Clark, and Terry Seeno. 2003. Coleopterists Society.
3.Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada
Clark et al. 2004. Coleopterists Society, Special Publication no. 2, 476 pp.
4.Catalogue of the Coleoptera of America, North of Mexico ("The Leng Catalogue")
Charles W. Leng. 1920. John D. Sherman, Jr., Mount Vernon, NY. x + 470 pp.