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Subfamily Heliconiinae - Heliconians and Fritillaries

GS Fritillary - Speyeria cybele - male titania? - Boloria chariclea Butterfly - Euptoieta claudia Gulf Fritillary - Agraulis vanillae Fritillary #3 - Euptoieta claudia Unusual coloring for a fritillary - Speyeria cybele Speyeria - male Meadow Fritillary - Boloria bellona
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Papilionoidea (Butterflies and Skippers)
Family Nymphalidae (Brush-footed Butterflies)
Subfamily Heliconiinae (Heliconians and Fritillaries)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
based on:
family HELICONIIDAE (correction of HELICONIDAE) Swainson 1827, Phil. Mag. (n.s.), 1: 187. Type genus: Heliconius Kluk 1802
also includes (now recognized as tribes):
family ARGYNNIDAE Duponchel [1835], in Godart, Hist. nat. L├ępid. pap. France, Suppl., 1 livr. 23:394-395. Type genus: Argynnis Fabricius, 1807
family ACRAEIDAE Riffarth 1902. Type genus: Acraea Fabricius 1807
tribe VAGRANTINI Penz & Peggie 2003. Type genus: Vagrans Hemming 1934 [includes only old world genera - not in North America]
Explanation of Names
the "subfamily" Limenitidinae [sensu strictu - as recognized by most modern authors] is closely related, and should likely also be included within Heliconiinae.
The circuscription of the Heliconiinae has changed dramatically in recent decades, from being restricted to only what are now included in the tribe Heliconiini, to including also the Fritillaries [now tribe Argynnini], the old world Vagrants, Leopards, Yeomen, Cruisers & kin [now tribe Vagrantini], and the tropical Coasters and Lacewings [now tribe Acraeini]