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Subfamily Limenitidinae - Admirals, Sisters

Red-spotted Purple - Limenitis arthemis White Admiral? - Limenitis arthemis red-spotted purple - Limenitis arthemis Red-Spotted Purple - Limenitis arthemis Viceroy butterfly at bugguide gathering - Limenitis archippus California Sister chrysalis - Adelpha californica Lorquin's Admiral - Limenitis lorquini Butterfly on Mud at Low Tide - Limenitis arthemis
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Papilionoidea (Butterflies and Skippers)
Family Nymphalidae (Brush-footed Butterflies)
Subfamily Limenitidinae (Admirals, Sisters)
Other Common Names
In the Old World there is an impressive list of Common Names for various other genera, including:
Sailors, Glidders, Clippers, Barons, Counts, Archdukes, Foresters, Guineafowl, etc.
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
based on:
Limenitidae Behr 1864. Type genus: Limenitis Fabricius 1807
Limenitides Butler [1870]
There are about 45 genera in 3 or 4 tribes included in this subfamily. The number quoted can vary upward some, or dramatically downward depending upon interpretations of generic and tribal limits by various authors.
This subfamily has been used at times as a dumping ground for a wide assortment of mostly tropical butterflies, most of which are not particularly closely related to Limenitis and its close kin (most are included more properly the Biblidinae, Cyrestinae, and Nymphalinae). The Limenitidinae is actually a relatively small subfamily of butterflies, widespread through the world, but best represented in Asia and Africa. The subfamily is very closely related to the Heliconiinae and should perhaps be placed within it (as evidenced by the structure of the adults and larvae, and by molecular studies). The Limenitidinae is represented in the Americas by two genera (Limenitis and Adelpha).