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Subfamily Biblidinae - Tropical Brushfoots

Guatemalan Cracker #1 - Hamadryas guatemalena Florida Purplewing - Eunica tatila Common Mestra - Mestra amymone Mexican Bluewing - Myscelia ethusa - male Hamadryas feronia Guatemalan Cracker - Hamadryas guatemalena MexicanBlue1 - Myscelia ethusa MexicanBlue3 - Myscelia ethusa
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Papilionoidea (Butterflies and Skippers)
Family Nymphalidae (Brush-footed Butterflies)
Subfamily Biblidinae (Tropical Brushfoots)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
subfamily Biblidinae Boisduval, 1833. Based on genus Biblis Fabricius
subfamily Eurytelinae. Based on genus Eurytela Boisduval
Explanation of Names
This subfamily has sometimes been lumped in with Limenitidinae, but it not particularly closely related to that group. Recent molecular studies show that the Biblidinae are very closely related to the subfamily Nymphalinae. They share with the Nymphalinae very similar adult morphology, but as a group are more inclined to have brilliant flashy patterns above. They do mostly (with some obvious exceptions) have similar cryptic coloration and patterns on the underside. Like the Nymphalinae, the larvae bear mid-dorsal spines on the back (if they have spines - most do), while the Limenitidinae do not. The larvae also often have long knobbed "horns" on their head, which is something that is in common with certain groups of Nymphalinae as well.
Primarily in the America tropics, but also with a smaller representation in the Indo-Oriental and African tropics.