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Superfamily Fulgoroidea - Planthoppers

Acanalonia servillei? - Acanalonia servillei Planthopper with a schnozz - Scolops Green leaf hopper type thing found on Asclepias syriaca - Rhynchomitra microrhina Derbidae on Sumac, dorsal - Cedusa - male - female Delphacid Planthopper - Chionomus puellus Acanalonia Nymph? Black nymph white spots - Lycorma delicatula Achilidae
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Auchenorrhyncha (True Hoppers)
Infraorder Fulgoromorpha
Superfamily Fulgoroidea (Planthoppers)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
new comprehensive treatment in Bartlett et al. (2014)(1)
Explanation of Names
Named for the neotropical genus Fulgora (the so-called "Lantern-flies") apparently named after Fulgora, the Roman goddess of lightning
Numbers
>900 spp. in >170 genera of 13 families in our area(2), >12,500 extant spp. in >2,200 genera of 21 families worldwide(3)
all extant families in our area represented on BugGuide
Acanaloniidae Amyot & Serville, 1843
Achilidae Stål, 1866
Achilixiidae Muir, 1923
Caliscelidae Amyot & Serville, 1843
Cixiidae Spinola, 1839
Delphacidae Leach, 1815
Derbidae Spinola, 1839
Dictyopharidae Spinola, 1839
Eurybrachidae Stål, 1862
Flatidae Spinola, 1839
Fulgoridae Latreille, 1807
Gengidae Fennah, 1949
Hypochthonellidae China & Fennah, 1952
Issidae Spinola, 1839
Kinnaridae Muir, 1925
Lophopidae Stål, 1866
Meenoplidae Fieber, 1872
Nogodinidae Melichar, 1898
Ricaniidae Amyot & Serville, 1843
Tettigometridae Germar, 1821
Tropiduchidae Stål, 1866
Identification
Plant-feeding bugs that can be distinguished from related groups by:
antennae inserted on the side of the "cheeks" below the eyes
antennae with three segments, the basal two thickened and round or egg-shaped, the second segment (pedicel) bearing a fine filamentous arista, the third segment
forewing with bifurcate ("Y"-shaped) anal vein

Visual guide to families (Bartlett 2007)
to key late instar immatures (except Kinnaridae) to family, see (5)
Remarks
The internal phylogeny of this superfamily has been a point of contention for decades. Recent analysis has resolved Fulgoroidea to be monophyletic for the most part, but many issues remain for further analysis.
Print References
Denno R.F., Perfect J.T., eds. (1994) Planthoppers: Their ecology and management. Chapman & Hall, New York. x+799 pp.
Nault L.R., Rodriguez J.G. (1985) The Leafhoppers and Planthoppers. Wiley, New York. xviii+500 pp.
Internet References