Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
new comprehensive treatment in Bartlett et al. (2014)(1)
Explanation of Names
Named for the neotropical genus Fulgora
(the so-called "Lantern-flies") apparently named after Fulgora
, the Roman goddess of lightning
>900 spp. in >170 genera of 13 families in our area(2)
, >12,500 extant spp. in >2,200 genera of 21 families worldwide(3)
~100 spp. in QC (annotated checklist
Plant-feeding bugs that can be distinguished from related groups by:
antennae inserted on the side of the "cheeks" below the eyes
antennae with three segments, the basal two thickened and round or egg-shaped, the second segment (pedicel
) bearing a fine filamentous arista
, the third segment
with bifurcate ("Y"-shaped) anal vein
to key late instar immatures (except Kinnaridae) to family, see O'Brien et al. (1991)
Denno, R.F. and J.T. Perfect. (eds.) 1994. Planthoppers: Their ecology and management. Chapman & Hall, New York. x + 799 pp.
Nault, L.R. and J.G. Rodriguez. 1985. The Leafhoppers and Planthoppers. Wiley, New York. xviii + 500 pp.
O'Brien, L.B. (coordinator), M.B. Stoetzel, and D.R. Miller. 1991. Order Homoptera. Pp. 66-111 In: F.W. Stehr (ed.) 1991. Immature insects, Vol. 2. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., Dubuque, IA. xvi + 975 pp.
Wilson, S.W., and McPherson, J.E. 1980. The distribution of the Fulgoroidea of the eastern United States (Homoptera). Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science 73(4): 7-20.
Planthoppers of North America
- Bartlett, C. R. 2016 (and updates)