Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Upcoming Events

National Moth Week photos of insects and people. Here's how to add your images.

Photos of insects and people from the 2019 BugGuide Gathering in Louisiana, July 25-27

Discussion, insects and people from the 2018 gathering in Virginia, July 27-29

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12

Photos of insects and people from the 2014 gathering in Virginia, June 4-7.

Photos of insects and people from the 2013 gathering in Arizona, July 25-28

Photos of insects and people from the 2012 gathering in Alabama

Photos of insects and people from the 2011 gathering in Iowa


Genus Bibio

Bibionidae, perhaps Bibio albipennis? - Bibio albipennis - male Bibio fraternus - Bibio articulatus - male Fly - Bibio albipennis Fly Identification - Bibio Diptera??? - Bibio longipes - female Bibio - Bibio femoratus - female Male Bibio sp? - Bibio xanthopus - male Insecta  Diptera?? - Bibio - female
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon ("Nematocera" (Non-Brachycera))
Infraorder Bibionomorpha (Gnats, Gall Midges, and March Flies)
Family Bibionidae (March Flies)
Genus Bibio
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Bibio Geoffroy, 1762
Explanation of Names
Late Latin bibio, an insect (1); "A small insect generated in wine" - from Latin bibō, drink Wiktionary
32 spp. in our area, ~200 spp. total(2)
The distinctive generic character of adults is the long, thick spurs on the front tibiae. Larvae have two openings in the posterior spiracle, compared to one in Penthetria and three in Dilophus. Wing venation has Rs (or R5) unforked, shared with Dilophus and distinct from the other genera in the family.
Wing venation (note that R-M is shorter in the illustration than is typical of the genus):

Posterior spiracle:
Worldwide, but mostly holarctic (about half of the spp. are Palaearctic), poorly represented in warmer climes(2)
Print References
Hardy D.E. (1945) Revision of Nearctic Bibionidae Including Neotropical Plecia and Penthetria (Diptera). University of Kansas Science Bulletin, 30: 367-547. (Full Text)
Fitzgerald S.J. (1996) Notes on Nearctic Bibio (Diptera: Bibionidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 98(1): 50-54 (Full Text)
Fitzgerald S.J. (1997) Additional Notes on Nearctic Bibio Geoffroy (Diptera: Bibionidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 99(2): 294-304 (Full Text)
Works Cited
1.Dictionary of Word Roots and Combining Forms
Donald J. Borror. 1960. Mayfield Publishing Company.
2.Evolution and classification of Bibionidae (Diptera: Bibionomorpha)
S.J. Fitzgerald. 2005. Ph.D. Thesis, Oregon State University. 385 pp.