Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Calendar
Upcoming Events

Photos of insects and people from the 2022 BugGuide gathering in New Mexico, July 20-24

National Moth Week was July 23-31, 2022! See moth submissions.

Photos of insects and people from the Spring 2021 gathering in Louisiana, April 28-May 2

Photos of insects and people from the 2019 gathering in Louisiana, July 25-27

Photos of insects and people from the 2018 gathering in Virginia, July 27-29

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12


Previous events


TaxonomyBrowse
Info
ImagesLinksBooksData

Genus Bibio

March Fly - Bibio - female Strange black fly (April March Fly!) - Bibio albipennis - male March Fly - Bibio vestitus - female Unknown Diptera - Mating Pair - Bibio - male march fly - Bibio articulatus - female Bibio 18-09-24 - Bibio - male Bibionidae? - Bibio nigrifemoratus - male Diptera  - Bibio femoratus - male - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon ("Nematocera" (Non-Brachycera))
Infraorder Bibionomorpha (Gnats, Gall Midges, and March Flies)
Family Bibionidae (March Flies)
Genus Bibio
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Bibio Geoffroy, 1762
Explanation of Names
Late Latin bibio, an insect (1); "A small insect generated in wine" - from Latin bibō, drink Wiktionary
Numbers
32 spp. in our area, ~200 spp. total(2)
Identification
The distinctive generic character of adults is the long, thick spurs on the front tibiae. Larvae have two openings in the posterior spiracle, compared to one in Penthetria and three in Dilophus. Wing venation has Rs (or R5) unforked, shared with Dilophus and distinct from the other genera in the family.
Wing venation (note that R-M is shorter in the illustration than is typical of the genus):

Posterior spiracle:
Range
Worldwide, but mostly holarctic (about half of the spp. are Palaearctic), poorly represented in warmer climes(2)
Print References
Hardy D.E. (1945) Revision of Nearctic Bibionidae Including Neotropical Plecia and Penthetria (Diptera). University of Kansas Science Bulletin, 30: 367-547. (Full Text)
Fitzgerald S.J. (1996) Notes on Nearctic Bibio (Diptera: Bibionidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 98(1): 50-54 (Full Text)
Fitzgerald S.J. (1997) Additional Notes on Nearctic Bibio Geoffroy (Diptera: Bibionidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 99(2): 294-304 (Full Text)
Works Cited
1.Dictionary of Word Roots and Combining Forms
Donald J. Borror. 1960. Mayfield Publishing Company.
2.Evolution and classification of Bibionidae (Diptera: Bibionomorpha)
S.J. Fitzgerald. 2005. Ph.D. Thesis, Oregon State University. 385 pp.