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Species Carterocephalus palaemon - Arctic Skipper - Hodges#3982

Arctic Chequered Skipper, 12:45pm - Carterocephalus palaemon Arctic Skipper - Carterocephalus palaemon - male Arctic Skipper - Carterocephalus palaemon Arctic Skipper, Carterocephalus palaemon  - Carterocephalus palaemon  Carterocephalus palaemon - Arctic Skipper - Carterocephalus palaemon Artic skipper - Carterocephalus palaemon  - Carterocephalus palaemon Arctic Skipper - Carterocephalus palaemon Skipper - Carterocephalus palaemon
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Papilionoidea (Butterflies and Skippers)
Family Hesperiidae (Skippers)
Subfamily Heteropterinae (Intermediate Skippers)
Genus Carterocephalus
Species palaemon (Arctic Skipper - Hodges#3982)
Hodges Number
3982
Other Common Names
Chequered Skipper (in Eurasia)
Explanation of Names
The name Arctic Skipper is misleading as it is not found in the Arctic, and is most common in the Boreal and Mixed Deciduous Woodland Zones on the margins of deciduous forests.
Size
wingspan 19-32 mm
Identification
Adult: upperside black with squarish orange spots; underside of forewing orange with black spots; underside of hindwing red-orange with cream spots outlined in black

Larva: cream-coloured with faint dorsal stripe and yellowish lateral line above row of black spots
Range
circumboreal: in North America, Alaska and coast to coast across Canada and northern US, south in the west to central California, south in the east to Pennsylvania
Habitat
Glades and openings in heavily forested woods, moist meadows, and streamsides.
Season
One brood from May-July.
Food
Larva: Grasses, including purple reedgrass (Calamagrostis purpurascens) in California, and bromes (Bromus) in Europe; probably others.
Adults: Nectar from flowers, including Iris in California.
Life Cycle
Adults rest with their wings closed, but bask with hindwings open wide and forewings open to about 45 degrees. To find receptive females, males perch on low vegetation and sometimes patrol in openings. Females lay eggs singly on leaves of the host plant. Caterpillars live and feed within nests of silked-together leaves; fully-grown caterpillars overwinter in their nests and then pupate within them in the spring.
Remarks
Considered high priority conservation in Europe.
Print References
A Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) by Paul A. Opler, Amy Bartlett Wright, Roger Tory Peterson

The Field Guide to Butterflies by William Jacob Holland