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Species Phoebis agarithe - Large Orange Sulphur - Hodges#4231

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Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Papilionoidea (Butterflies and Skippers)
Family Pieridae (Whites, Sulphurs, Yellows)
Subfamily Coliadinae (Sulphurs and Yellows)
Genus Phoebis
Species agarithe (Large Orange Sulphur - Hodges#4231)
Hodges Number
Wing span: 2 1/4 - 3 3/8 inches (5.7 - 8.6 cm).
Upper surface of male bright orange with no markings. Two female forms, pink-white or yellow-orange. Underside forewing of both sexes with straight submarginal line. Two seasonal forms; winter form has heavier underside markings.

Caterpillar is green with a pale yellow line on the sides. Lacks the short spikes of Phoebis pilea and Phoebis sennae.
Peru north to southern Texas and peninsular Florida. Rare stray to Colorado, South Dakota, Wisconsin, and New Jersey.
Open, tropical lowlands including gardens, pastures, road edges, trails, parks.
Flies all year in south Texas and south Florida, strays north in mid- to late summer
Caterpillar hosts: Pithecellobium, Inga, (and Cassia?) species in the pea family (Fabaceae).

Adult food: Nectar from many different flowers.
See Also
Cloudless Sulphur, Phoebis sennae
Orange-barred Sulphur, Phoebis philea
Print References
Glassberg, p. 60, plates 11, 12 (1)
Brock and Kaufman, pp. 74-75 (2)
Scott, #51, pp. 204-205, color plates 12, 13 (3)
Allen et al., pp. 44-45--photo of caterpillar (4)
Minno et al., pp. 170 - 171, p.79 (5)
Works Cited
1.Butterflies Through Binoculars: The East
Jeffrey Glassberg. 1999. Oxford University Press.
2.Butterflies of North America (Kaufman Focus Guides)
Jim P. Brock, Kenn Kaufman. 2003. Houghton Mifflin Co.
3.The Butterflies of North America: A Natural History and Field Guide
James A. Scott. 1992. Stanford University Press.
4.Caterpillars in the Field and Garden: A Field Guide to the Butterfly Caterpillars of North America
Thomas J. Allen, James P. Brock, Jeffrey Glassberg. 2005. Oxford University Press.
5.Florida Butterfly Caterpillars And Their Host Plants
Marc C. Minno, JERRY F. BUTLER, DONALD W. HALL. 2005. University Press Florida.