Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Calendar
Upcoming Events

Discussion, insects and people from the 2018 BugGuide Gathering in Virginia, July 27-29

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12

Photos of insects and people from the 2014 gathering in Virginia, June 4-7.

Photos of insects and people from the 2013 gathering in Arizona, July 25-28

Photos of insects and people from the 2012 gathering in Alabama

Photos of insects and people from the 2011 gathering in Iowa

Photos from the 2010 Workshop in Grinnell, Iowa

Photos from the 2009 gathering in Washington

TaxonomyBrowse
Info
ImagesLinksBooksData

Genus Ochlerotatus

Engorged mosquito - Ochlerotatus - female Ochlerotatus canadensis - female Mosquito - Ochlerotatus canadensis - female canopy tree-hole mosquito - Ochlerotatus hendersoni - female Ochlerotatus japonicus Striped mosquito - Ochlerotatus trivittatus eastern treehole mosquito - Ochlerotatus triseriatus - female Asian rock pool mosquito - Ochlerotatus japonicus - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon ("Nematocera" (Non-Brachycera))
Infraorder Culicomorpha (Mosquitoes and Midges)
Family Culicidae (Mosquitoes)
Tribe Aedini
Genus Ochlerotatus
Pronunciation
oh-klur-oh-TAY-tus
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
formerly a subgenus of Aedes; elevated to genus level by Reinert (2000) (1)(2)
Range
represented throughout North America and the world
Life Cycle
Overwinter as eggs.
Eggs are laid above the water rim such as:
Remarks
Almost all North American species formerly placed in the genus Aedes were reclassified as Ochlerotatus species by Reinert (2000) (1).
There continues to be considerable opposition to the new classification but the genus name Ochlerotatus is now (2005) in widespread use.
After Reinert's reclassification, the few species that remained in Aedes included:
A. aegypti
A. albopictus
A. cinereus
A. vexans
In 2004, the group of Reinert, Kitching, and Harbach proposed elevating 46 other former subgenera of Aedine mosquitoes to the genus level. To anyone who has adopted this additional change, the first two species listed above are now considered Stegomyia aegypti and Stegomyia albopicta.
See Also
Print References
Reinert, J. F. 2000. New classification for the composite genus Aedes (Diptera: Culicidae: Aedini), elevation of subgenus Ochlerotatus to generic rank, reclassification of the other subgenera, and notes on certain subgenera and species. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 16(3): 175-188. (1)
Internet References
molecular evidence; PDF doc supporting the split of Aedes and Ochlerotatus into two distinctly separate and monophyletic groups (John J. Shepard et al, Journal of Medical Entomology, 2006, courtesy Govt. of Connecticut)
mosquito name policy of the Journal of Medical Entomology and several other medical or vector/disease control journals in reference to names of Aedine mosquito genera and subgenera (Entomological Society of America)
classification change; PDF doc elevating Ochlerotatus to genus level (John Reinert, in Journal of the American Mosquio Control Association, 2000)
changes to names of Florida mosquitoes; PDF doc (John Reinert, in Newsletter of the Florida Mosquito Control Association, 2005)
Works Cited
1.New classification for the composite genus Aedes (Culicidae: Aedini), elevation of subgenus Ochlerotatus to generic rank...
Reinert, J.F. 2000. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 16(3): 175-188.
2.The Culicidae (Diptera): a review of taxonomy, classification and phylogeny
R.E. Harbach. 2007. Zootaxa 1668: 591–638.