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Species Argyrotaenia velutinana - Red-banded Leafroller - Hodges#3597

Moth on inflorescences of giant ragweed - Argyrotaenia velutinana Moth on inflorescences of giant ragweed - Argyrotaenia velutinana Red-banded Leafroller on Bastard toadflax, pupa - Argyrotaenia velutinana Tortricinae, Red-banded Leafroller, on Wingstem - Argyrotaenia velutinana Tortricinae, Red-banded Leafroller, dorsal - Argyrotaenia velutinana Tortricinae, Red-banded Leafroller, lateral - Argyrotaenia velutinana Tortricinae, Red-banded Leafroller, spent - Argyrotaenia velutinana Tortricinae, Red-banded Leafroller, leaf roll on Oxeye False Sunflower - Argyrotaenia velutinana
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tortricoidea (Tortricid Moths)
Family Tortricidae (Tortricid Moths)
Subfamily Tortricinae
Tribe Archipini
Genus Argyrotaenia
Species velutinana (Red-banded Leafroller - Hodges#3597)
Hodges Number
3597
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Argyrotaenia velutinana (Walker, 1863)
Cacoecia velutinana Walker, 1863
Cacoecia ? velutinana Walker, 1863 (1)
Explanation of Names
Specific epithet from Latin velutum meaning "velvet." Walker describes the forewings as "velvety." (1)
Size
Forewing length: 5.5-7.5 mm (male); 6.5-8.0 mm (female). (2)
Mature larvae 13-18 mm. (2)
Identification
Adult - forewing has wide diagonal median band that is reddish in female, blackish in male; basal area light yellowish-brown with darker shading near inner margin; pale whitish shading in AM area at inner margin forms diamond-shaped patch when wings are held together at rest; whitish shading beyond median band except for dark triangular patch along costa in PM area; hindwing dirty white to light gray with pale fringe.
Larva - body green with pale dorsal stripe; head yellowish. See photo at TortAI. (2)
Range
British Columbia to Nova Scotia, south to Florida and Texas. (3)
Season
This species seems to be bivoltine on Block Island, RI, with one flight in spring and a second in the fall.(4)
Food
Polyphagous on the foliage and fruit of deciduous trees and shrubs, herbaceous plants, and rarely conifers. It can be a major pest of apple orchards. (3) Large list of hosts at TortAI. (2)
Life Cycle
Early instar larva creates small silk shelter where it skeletonizes the underside of leaf along the mid-vein. Later instars silk together two leaves, or a leaf to a fruit. Overwinters as pupa in folded leaf on the ground. (3) More information at TortAI. (2)
Leaf rolled shelter; larva; larva; pupa; adult
Remarks
This species showed resistance to DDT and TDE in the 1950s and 60s.
See Also
See Obraztsov (1961) to help distinguish this species from similar-looking Argyrotaenia. (5)
Print References
Walker, F., 1863. List of the specimens of lepidopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part XXVIII – Tortricites and Tineites. British Museum (Natural History), p.313. (1)