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Species Dasymutilla bioculata

large velvet ant - Dasymutilla bioculata - female Unknown Mutillid 3 - Dasymutilla bioculata - female dasymutilla chiron - Dasymutilla bioculata - male Dasymutilla - Dasymutilla bioculata - female Mutillid - Dasymutilla bioculata - female Pseudomethocha? - Dasymutilla bioculata - female Velvet Ant - Dasymutilla bioculata - female Male velvet ant - Dasymutilla bioculata - male
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon (Aculeata - Ants, Bees and Stinging Wasps)
Superfamily Pompiloidea (Spider Wasps, Velvet Ants and allies)
Family Mutillidae (Velvet Ants)
Genus Dasymutilla
Species bioculata (Dasymutilla bioculata)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
21 species/subspecies were synonymized under D. bioculata(1) as follows:
Dasymutilla fenestrata (Lepeletier 1845)
Dasymutilla creusa (Cresson 1865)
Dasymutilla medea (Cresson 1865)
Dasymutilla bellona (Cresson 1865)
Dasymutilla aegena (Cresson 1865)
Dasymutilla chiron (Blake 1872)
Dasymutilla ursula (Cresson 1875)
Dasymutilla pyrrhus (Fox 1899)
Dasymutilla lepeletierii (Fox 1899)
Dasymutilla chlamydata Melander 1903
Dasymutilla vierecki Rohwer 1910
Dasymutilla ferrugata var. balabetei Rohwer 1912
Dasymutilla georgiana Rohwer 1912
Dasymutilla plesia Rohwer 1912
Dasymutilla praegrandis Mickel 1928
Dasymutilla praegrandis var. russata Mickel 1928
Dasymutilla melanippe Mickel 1928
Dasymutilla melanippe var. conformis Mickel 1928
Dasymutilla lauta Mickel 1928
Dasymutilla sulcatulla Mickel 1928
Dasymutilla bimaculata Manley & Pitts 2007
Explanation of Names
Dasymutilla bioculata (Cresson 1865)
Identification
Females: No tubercles on posterolateral angles of head. Thorax longer than broad, with a scutellar scale and transverse carina anterior to it. Pygidium longitudinally striate. Color variable.
Males: Color variable, dorsum of head and mesosoma with black or orange setae, or a mix. Variation of metasomal setae ranges from black to orange. Second tergite with orange/yellow maculae posteriorly. Clypeus weakly bidentate. A pit filled with setae may or may not be present on the second sternite.
Males will likely pose a problem when identifying from photos, especially specimens that are entirely black except for the second tergite. Many eastern species have males with this coloration, such as D. quadriguttata and D. vesta.
Works Cited
1.Multifaceted assessment of species validity in the Dasymutilla bioculata species group (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae)
Williams K.A., Manley D.G., Pilgrim E.M., von Dohlen C.D., Pitts J.P. 2010. Systematic Entomology 36: 180-191.