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Photos of insects and people from the Spring 2021 gathering in Louisiana, April 28-May 2

National Moth Week 2020 photos of insects and people.

Photos of insects and people from the 2019 BugGuide Gathering in Louisiana, July 25-27

Discussion, insects and people from the 2018 gathering in Virginia, July 27-29

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12

Photos of insects and people from the 2014 gathering in Virginia, June 4-7.

Photos of insects and people from the 2013 gathering in Arizona, July 25-28

Photos of insects and people from the 2012 gathering in Alabama


Genus Toxonprucha

Spotted Toxonprucha - Toxonprucha pardalis Toxonprucha crudelis Which Geometrid ? - Toxonprucha repentis Cruel Toxonprucha - Hodges #8674 - Toxonprucha crudelis Moth - Toxonprucha crudelis Bird Toxonprucha - Hodges#8672 (Toxonprucha volucris) ? - Toxonprucha psegmapteryx Toxonprucha Moth - Toxonprucha
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Erebidae
Subfamily Erebinae
Tribe Omopterini
Genus Toxonprucha
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Toxonprucha Möschler, 1890
Synyrias Hampson, 1926
7 species in North America north of Mexico. (1)
Adult - forewing medium to dark brown with several dark wavy lines crossing wing; two species (pardalis, clientis) have conspicuous dark oval spot at apex; hindwing similar to forewing in color and pattern.
Known laral hosts are all Acacia.
See Also
Zale species are larger, and none have conspicuous oval spot at apex of forewing.
Internet References
links to photos of pinned adults of 6 species (Bruce Walsh, Moths of Southeastern Arizona)
pinned adult image of T. psegmapteryx from Texas (Larry Line, Maryland)
presence in California; list of 3 species plus dates and locations (U. of California at Berkeley)
assumed foodplant plus links and references (Marrku Savela, FUNET)
Works Cited
1.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.