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Species Phalaenostola larentioides - Black-banded Owlet - Hodges#8364

Black-Banded Owlet - Phalaenostola larentioides Black-banded Owlet - Hodges#8364 - Phalaenostola larentioides Phalaenostola larentioides - female brown moth with snout - Phalaenostola larentioides - male Phalaenostola larentioides Black-banded Owlet - Phalaenostola larentioides - male Phalaenostola larentioides - male Black-banded Owlet - Phalaenostola larentioides
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Erebidae
Subfamily Herminiinae (Litter Moths)
Genus Phalaenostola
Species larentioides (Black-banded Owlet - Hodges#8364)
Hodges Number
8364
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Phalaenostola larentioides Grote, 1873
Phalaenostola citima Grote, 1873(a)
* phylogenetic sequence #930514
Numbers
Four Phalaenostola species are found in America north of Mexico.(1)
Size
wingspan 17-24 mm
Identification
Adult: forewing medium to dark gray with two broad blackish bands crossing wing; antemedial (AM), postmedial (PM), and subterminal (ST) lines black, wavy, and spaced approximately the same distance apart [Edit: am guessing this refers to the distance near the inner margin - Steve Nanz]; hindwing color and pattern similar to forewing
some specimens are considerably paler than usual and more eaily confused with P. eumelusalis - see "See Also" section below
. . . . . .
specimen identified by DNA analysis (BOLD) from Mark Dreiling

Range
New Brunswick to Florida, west to Texas and Ontario
Season
adults fly from May to September
Food
larvae feed on clover, grass, and dead leaves
See Also
pale adults may be confused with P. eumelusalis but in that species, the distance between the AM and PM line is at least 2x greater than the distance between the PM and ST line (whereas in P. larentioides, these distances are approximately equal) [Edit: am guessing this refers to the distance near the inner margin - Steve Nanz]; also, the PM and ST lines in eumelusalis tend to be more sharply toothed, whereas in larentioides, those lines are more smoothly wavy. Compare images of both species at CBIF.
- - - - - -
P. eumelusalis
Print References
Lafontaine J. D., and B. C. Schmidt 2010. Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America North of Mexico. p. 23.(1)
Internet References
BOLD - Barcode of Life Data Systems - map and photos of pinned adults.
lepbarcoding.org - collection map and photos of pinned adults.
full text original description - read original description on books.google.com. under Phalaenostola citima
adult images and larval food (Larry Line, Maryland)
US distribution (Dalton State College, Georgia)
distribution in Canada list of provinces (U. of Alberta, using CBIF data)
Works Cited
1.Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico.
Donald J. Lafontaine, B. Christian Schmidt. 2010. ZooKeys 40: 1–239 .