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TaxonomyBrowse
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Species Pseudolynchia canariensis - Pigeon Louse Fly

Hippoboscidae - Pseudolynchia canariensis Hippoboscidae - Pseudolynchia canariensis pseudolynchia canariensis - Pseudolynchia canariensis pseudolynchia canariensis - Pseudolynchia canariensis Utah Hippoboscid - Pseudolynchia canariensis Utah Hippoboscid - Pseudolynchia canariensis Flat fly - Pseudolynchia canariensis Flat fly - Pseudolynchia canariensis
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon (Calyptratae)
Superfamily Hippoboscoidea
Family Hippoboscidae (Louse Flies)
Subfamily Ornithomyinae
Genus Pseudolynchia
Species canariensis (Pigeon Louse Fly)
Explanation of Names
Pseudolynchia canariensis (Macquart 1839)
Size
body 5-6 mm, wings 6-7 mm
Range
Found wherever pigeons are encountered in tropical, subtropical, and temperate areas with mild winters worldwide. It occurs throughout the Southeastern United States. Imported from Europe.
Food
A common ectoparasite of pigeons and doves
Life Cycle
The female produces one larva at a time and retains the developing larva in her body until it is ready to pupate. The larva feeds on the secretions of a "milk gland" in the uterus of its mother. After three larval instars, the larva has reached its maximum size, the mother gives birth to the white pre-pupa which immediately begins to darken and form the puparium or pupal shell. The pupa of the pigeon louse fly looks like a dark brown, egg-shaped seed. The pupa is found in host nest or on ledges where the birds roost. Adult emerges from the puparium and flies in search of a host.
Remarks
adults feed on blood of their host. They are adapted for clinging to and moving through the plumage and pelage. Strongly specialized claws help them cling to the hair or feathers of their particular host species. Wings retained for entire adult life. This fly is a vector of pigeon malaria, a protozoan disease.(1)
Internet References
Works Cited
1.Destructive and Useful Insects: Their Habits and Control
Robert L. Metcalf & Robert A. Metcalf. 1993. McGraw-Hill, Inc.
2.University of Florida: Featured Creatures