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Species Acleris subnivana - Bent-wing Acleris - Hodges#3517

Illinois Acleris - Acleris subnivana 3517  - Acleris subnivana Hodges#3517 - Acleris subnivana Forbes' Acleris - Acleris subnivana - female Bent-wing Acleris - Acleris subnivana Bent-wing Acleris - Acleris subnivana Pennsylvania Moth - Acleris subnivana Common Acleris - Acleris subnivana
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tortricoidea (Tortricid Moths)
Family Tortricidae (Tortricid Moths)
Subfamily Tortricinae
Tribe Tortricini
Genus Acleris
Species subnivana (Bent-wing Acleris - Hodges#3517)
Hodges Number
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Acleris subnivana (Walker, 1863)
Penthinia subnivana Walker, 1863 (1)
Teras subnivana
Peronea subnivana
Teras deflectana Robinson, 1869 (2)
Teras peculiana Zeller, 1875 (3)
Explanation of Names
Specific epithet from Latin sub- nix meaning "below the snow."
TL≈7mm (4)
Obraztsov (1963) stated "Variation. — McDunnough (1934) noted in subnivana variation of the ground color of forewings, their reticulation in some specimens, and the triangular costal spot solid or interrupted by a pale patch. The present author can add that there are specimens of subnivana in which a slight pale brownish band, connecting the costal spot with the dorsum, is present. This band in two of the examined specimens is especially well developed and dark." (5)
Beadle & Leckie (2012) Adult: FW white with grayish brown triangle at midpoint of strongly indented costa. Some individuals are tan-colored with a fragmented dark triangle at mid-point of straight costa. (4)
Specimen identified by DNA analysis (BOLD). (6)

Lectotype ♂ selected by Obraztsov (1963), collected Redman, Nova Scotia, Canada in BMNH. (5), (7)
Red oak (4)
Print References
Obraztsov, N.S., 1963. Some North American moths of the genus Acleris (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Proceedings of the United States National Museum 114. p. 228. (5)
Walker, F., 1863. List of the specimens of lepidopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part XXVIII – Tortricites and Tineites. British Museum (Natural History), p.376. (1)
Works Cited
1.List of the specimens of lepidopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part XXVIII – Tortricites and Tineites
Francis Walker. 1863. British Museum (Natural History), p.287-561.
2.Notes on American Tortricidae.
Coleman T. Robinson. 1869. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 2: 261-288.
3.Beiträge zur Kenntniss der nordamericanischen Nachtfalter, besonders der Microlepidopteren, vol. 3.
Phillip Christoph Zeller. 1875. Verhandlungen der kaiserlich-königlichen zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 25: 207-360.
4.Peterson Field Guide to Moths of Northeastern North America
David Beadle and Seabrooke Leckie. 2012. Houghton Mifflin.
5.Some North American moths of the genus Acleris (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)
Nicholas S. Obratzsov. 1963. Proceedings of The United States National Museum, 114(3469): 213-270.
6.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems
7.World Catalogue of Insects, Vol. 5: Tortricidae (Lepidoptera)
John Wesley Brown, Joaquin Baixeras. 2005. Apollo Books.
8.North American Moth Photographers Group