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Species Enargia mephisto - Lesser Eyed Sallow - Hodges#9551

Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Noctuidae (Owlet Moths)
Subfamily Noctuinae (Cutworm or Dart Moths)
Tribe Xylenini
Subtribe Cosmiina
Genus Enargia
Species mephisto (Lesser Eyed Sallow - Hodges#9551)
Hodges Number
one of 3 species in this genus in North America listed at All-Leps
Adult: forewing brown with slightly darker AM and PM lines, and slightly paler reniform and orbicular spots (lines and spots show little contrast against ground color); dark dot in lower end of reniform spot; ST line faint, noticeable only at costa; hindwing pale yellowish, shading to grayish-brown distally
in the east: New Brunswick to Ontario, south to Connecticut
in the west: Saskatchewan and Alberta, south to Utah and California
deciduous woodlots and forests; adults are nocturnal and come to light and bait
adults fly from June to September
larvae present in June
larvae feed on leaves of poplar (Populus spp.) and perhaps other members of willow and birch families
Life Cycle
one generation per year
The All-Leps link below shows one record from Florida and several from eastern British Columbia, but these are presumably incorrect. The Moths of Canada site has no records from BC, E. mephisto is missing from John Heppner's Florida list, and I could find no Internet record of this species south of New England. [RM]
See Also
Pale Enargia (E. decolor) forewing lacks dark dot at lower end of reniform spot; Smoked Sallow (E. infumata) forewing paler, more yellowish, with more distinct lines and more contrast between lines and ground color (compare images of all 3 species at CBIF)
Internet References
30 pinned adult images and collection site map showing records in Ontario, Quebec, Alberta, British Columbia, and Florida - the last two localities are suspect (All-Leps)
common name reference; MS Word doc plus foodplants, distribution, seasonality (David Wagner et al, Owlet Caterpillars of Eastern North America, U. of Connecticut)
presence in Utah; list (Joel Johnson, Utah Lepidopterists Society)
presence in California; list one specimen collected 25 June 1969 (U. of California at Berkeley)
presence in Ohio; list plus date and location (Ohio State U.)
distribution in Canada list of provinces (U. of Alberta, using CBIF data)