Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Calendar
Upcoming Events

Discussion, insects and people from the 2018 BugGuide Gathering in Virginia, July 27-29

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12

Photos of insects and people from the 2014 gathering in Virginia, June 4-7.

Photos of insects and people from the 2013 gathering in Arizona, July 25-28

Photos of insects and people from the 2012 gathering in Alabama

Photos of insects and people from the 2011 gathering in Iowa

Photos from the 2010 Workshop in Grinnell, Iowa

Photos from the 2009 gathering in Washington

TaxonomyBrowse
Info
ImagesLinksBooksData

Species Enargia mephisto - Lesser Eyed Sallow - Hodges#9551

Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Noctuidae (Owlet Moths)
Subfamily Noctuinae (Cutworm or Dart Moths)
Tribe Xylenini
Subtribe Cosmiina
Genus Enargia
Species mephisto (Lesser Eyed Sallow - Hodges#9551)
Hodges Number
9551
Numbers
one of 3 species in this genus in North America listed at All-Leps
Identification
Adult: forewing brown with slightly darker AM and PM lines, and slightly paler reniform and orbicular spots (lines and spots show little contrast against ground color); dark dot in lower end of reniform spot; ST line faint, noticeable only at costa; hindwing pale yellowish, shading to grayish-brown distally
Range
in the east: New Brunswick to Ontario, south to Connecticut
in the west: Saskatchewan and Alberta, south to Utah and California
Habitat
deciduous woodlots and forests; adults are nocturnal and come to light and bait
Season
adults fly from June to September
larvae present in June
Food
larvae feed on leaves of poplar (Populus spp.) and perhaps other members of willow and birch families
Life Cycle
one generation per year
Remarks
The All-Leps link below shows one record from Florida and several from eastern British Columbia, but these are presumably incorrect. The Moths of Canada site has no records from BC, E. mephisto is missing from John Heppner's Florida list, and I could find no Internet record of this species south of New England. [RM]
See Also
Pale Enargia (E. decolor) forewing lacks dark dot at lower end of reniform spot; Smoked Sallow (E. infumata) forewing paler, more yellowish, with more distinct lines and more contrast between lines and ground color (compare images of all 3 species at CBIF)
Internet References
30 pinned adult images and collection site map showing records in Ontario, Quebec, Alberta, British Columbia, and Florida - the last two localities are suspect (All-Leps)
common name reference; MS Word doc plus foodplants, distribution, seasonality (David Wagner et al, Owlet Caterpillars of Eastern North America, U. of Connecticut)
presence in Utah; list (Joel Johnson, Utah Lepidopterists Society)
presence in California; list one specimen collected 25 June 1969 (U. of California at Berkeley)
presence in Ohio; list plus date and location (Ohio State U.)
distribution in Canada list of provinces (U. of Alberta, using CBIF data)