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Genus Phytocoris

Plant Bug - Phytocoris rubrimaculatus Bug ID - Phytocoris Phytocoris 09.07.17 (2) - Phytocoris Phytocoris puella Bug - Phytocoris Assassin bug family?? - Phytocoris Phytocoris diversus? - Phytocoris Plant Bug? - Phytocoris
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Infraorder Cimicomorpha
Superfamily Miroidea
Family Miridae (Plant Bugs)
Subfamily Mirinae
Tribe Mirini
Genus Phytocoris
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Phytocoris Fallén, 1814
Explanation of Names
Greek phyt- 'plant' + coris 'bug'(1)
Numbers
~300 spp. in our area, ca. 700 spp. worldwide(2)
Size
5-8 mm
Identification
Adult is dark gray to light brown, mottled with yellow, white, or dark brown spots. No median line of white hairs, lateral margins of pronotum not sharply ridged(3)
Hind legs long: hind femora and tibiae about twice as long as mid & front femora and tibiae.
Range
throughout NA and the world
Habitat
shrubs and trees in woodlands, parks, orchards
Season
nymphs from May to August; adults from July to September
Food
zoophytophagous
Life Cycle
one generation per year; overwinters as egg
Remarks
one of the largest and most complex of NA mirid genera(3)

1. Eastern species are divided into four groups:(4)(5)
Group I: Wing membrane confusedly sprinkled with discolored or dark spots, or with numerous, minute, pale spots
Species: albifacies, antennalis, breviusculus, conspurcatus, corticevivens, davisi, dimidiatus, garyi (=falcatus)(6)(7), fumatus, inops, kerrvillensis(6), minutulus, purvus, suicatus, tuberculatus, ulmi
* junceus group: brimleyi, broweri, crawfordi, dreisbachi, fenestratus, hoffmani, junceus, michiganae, pleuroimos, proctori
* lasiomerus group: lasiomerus, pallidicornis, rubropictus

Group II (Blatchley's Group III): Wing membrane marbled, uniformly dark brown or uniformly light colored, never with many minute spots; A1 > (head width); and antennae black or fuscous
Species: albitylus, angustulus, annulicornis, arundinicola, brevifurcatus, buenoi, canadensis, cortitectus, erectus, eximius, husseyi, lacunosus, neglectus, nigricollis, obtectus, onustus, pectinatus, salicis, schotti, spicatus

Group III (Blatchley's Group II): Wing membrane marbled, uniformly dark brown or uniformly light colored, never with many minute spots; A1 < (head width); and A1 not red with yellow spots, but yellow, yellow with dark spots or brown to almost black
Species: angustifrons, conspersipes, diversus, exemplus, fulvus, junipericola, mundus, pinicola, rufus, uniformis

Group IV: Wing membrane marbled, uniformly dark brown or uniformly light colored, never with many minute spots; either [ A1 > (head width) and antennae pale ] or [ A1 < (head width) and A1 red with yellow spots ]
Species: caryae, confluens, depictus, infuscatus, luteolus, olseni, puella, pseudonymus , quercicola, rubellus, taxodii, tibialis, venustus
See Also
Neurocolpus--note partly hairy antennae
Print References
Thomas Henry, 2009, A new species of conifer-inhabiting plant bug from Virginia belonging to the Phytocoris junceus group (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Miridae), with one new synonym, A Lifetime of Contributions to Myriapodology and the Natural History of Virginia: A Festschrift in Honor of Richard L. Hoffman’s 80th Birthday. Virginia Museum of Natural History Special Publication No. 16, Martinsville, VA.: pp. 287-293
Internet References
Works Cited
1.Dictionary of Word Roots and Combining Forms
Donald J. Borror. 1960. Mayfield Publishing Company.
2.Schuh, R.T. 2002-2013. On-line Systematic Catalog of Plant Bugs (Insecta: Heteroptera: Miridae).
3.How to Know the True Bugs
Slater, James A., and Baranowski, Richard M. 1978. Wm. C. Brown Company.
4.The Plant Bugs, or Miridae, of Illinois
Knight, Harry, H. 1941. State of illinois.
5.Heteroptera of Eastern North America
W.S. Blatchley. 1926. The Nature Publishing Company.
6.North American Phytocoris: Eleven New Species from Texas (Heteroptera: Miridae)
Stonedahl, Gary M. 1995. American Museum of Natural History.
7.Miscellanea Miridologica (Insecta: Heteroptera)
Michal D. Schwartz & Frédéric Chérot. 2005. Magnolia Press.