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Genus Phytocoris

Bug - Phytocoris True bug - Phytocoris Bug - Phytocoris Phytocoris? - Phytocoris ramosus Phytocoris? - Phytocoris Colorful plant bug - Phytocoris Phytocoris diversus ? - Phytocoris Phytocoris eurekae - male
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Infraorder Cimicomorpha
Superfamily Miroidea
Family Miridae (Plant Bugs)
Subfamily Mirinae
Tribe Mirini
Genus Phytocoris
Explanation of Names
Phytocoris Fallén 1814
'plant bug'
Numbers
~300 spp. in our area, ~700 total(1)
Size
5-8 mm
Identification
Adult is dark gray to light brown, mottled with yellow, white, or dark brown spots. No median line of white hairs, lateral margins of pronotum not sharply ridged(2)
Hind legs long: hind femora and tibiae about twice as long as mid & front femora and tibiae.
Range
throughout NA and the world
Habitat
shrubs and trees in woodlands, parks, orchards
Food
zoophytophagous
Life Cycle
one generation per year; overwinter as eggs
Remarks
one of the largest and most complex mirid genera(2)
1. Eastern species are divided into four groups:(3)(4)
Group I: Wing membrane confusedly sprinkled with discolored or dark spots, or with numerous, minute, pale spots
Species: albifacies, antennalis, breviusculus, conspurcatus, corticevivens, davisi, dimidiatus, garyi (=falcatus)(5)(6), fumatus, inops, kerrvillensis(5), minutulus, purvus, suicatus, tuberculatus, ulmi
* junceus group: brimleyi, broweri, crawfordi, dreisbachi, fenestratus, hoffmani, junceus, michiganae, pleuroimos, proctori
* lasiomerus group: lasiomerus, pallidicornis, rubropictus

Group II (Blatchley's Group III): Wing membrane marbled, uniformly dark brown or uniformly light colored, never with many minute spots; A1 > (head width); and antennae black or fuscous
Species: albitylus, angustulus, annulicornis, arundinicola, brevifurcatus, buenoi, canadensis, cortitectus, erectus, eximius, husseyi, lacunosus, neglectus, nigricollis, obtectus, onustus, pectinatus, salicis, schotti, spicatus

Group III (Blatchley's Group II): Wing membrane marbled, uniformly dark brown or uniformly light colored, never with many minute spots; A1 < (head width); and A1 not red with yellow spots, but yellow, yellow with dark spots or brown to almost black
Species: angustifrons, conspersipes, diversus, exemplus, fulvus, junipericola, mundus, pinicola, rufus, uniformis

Group IV: Wing membrane marbled, uniformly dark brown or uniformly light colored, never with many minute spots; either [ A1 > (head width) and antennae pale ] or [ A1 < (head width) and A1 red with yellow spots ]
Species: caryae, confluens, depictus, infuscatus, luteolus, olseni, puella, pseudonymus , quercicola, rubellus, taxodii, tibialis, venustus
Internet References
Works Cited
1.Schuh, R.T. 2002-2013. On-line Systematic Catalog of Plant Bugs (Insecta: Heteroptera: Miridae).
2.How to Know the True Bugs
Slater, James A., and Baranowski, Richard M. 1978. Wm. C. Brown Company.
3.The Plant Bugs, or Miridae, of Illinois
Knight, Harry, H. 1941. State of illinois.
4.Heteroptera of Eastern North America
W.S. Blatchley. 1926. The Nature Publishing Company.
5.North American Phytocoris: Eleven New Species from Texas (Heteroptera: Miridae)
Stonedahl, Gary M. 1995. American Museum of Natural History.
6.Miscellanea Miridologica (Insecta: Heteroptera)
Michal D. Schwartz & Frédéric Chérot. 2005. Magnolia Press.