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Subfamily Galerucinae - Skeletonizing Leaf Beetles and Flea Beetles

beetle - Aulacothorax recticollis Little Beetle - Capraita obsidiana Chrysomelid - Xanthogaleruca luteola Flea Beetle ? - Longitarsus - female Altica? - Lysathia ludoviciana Beetle - Ophraella communa  Luperini? - Diabrotica cristata Chrysomelidae? - Phyllotreta
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
No Taxon (Series Cucujiformia)
Superfamily Chrysomeloidea (Longhorn and Leaf Beetles)
Family Chrysomelidae (Leaf Beetles)
Subfamily Galerucinae (Skeletonizing Leaf Beetles and Flea Beetles)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Alticinae, now treated as a tribe (Alticini)(1).
Explanation of Names
Galerucinae Latreille 1802
By far the largest leaf beetle subfamily, with 13,000 to 15,000 described spp. in >1000 genera of 7 tribes worldwide and ca. 700 spp. in 90 genera of 4 tribes in our area; the flea beetles (Alticini) account for over 60% of the diversity(1)(2).
Worldwide and throughout NA
Most of the galerucines feed on dicots, however some genera may have adapted to monocots. Adults generally feed on pollen and also fresh leaves of their host plants, and the larvae feed on their roots. Many species feed on wild plants, trees and bushes, and many are polyphagous
Some are serious agricultural pests, causing damage directly by plant feeding or indirectly by transmitting viruses. Some species have been used in the biological control of weeds.
Print References
Viswajyothi K. & Clark S.M. 2022. New World genera of Galerucinae Latreille, 1802 (tribes Galerucini Latreille, 1802, Metacyclini Chapuis, 1875, and Luperini Gistel, 1848): an annotated list and identification key (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). European Journal of Taxonomy 842: 1–102. (3)
Lingafelter S.W., Konstantinov A.S. (2000) The monophyly and relative rank of alticine and galerucine leaf beetles: a cladistic analysis using adult morphological characters. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Entomol. Scand. 30: 397–416.
Works Cited
1.American Beetles, Volume II: Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea
Arnett, R.H., Jr., M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley and J. H. Frank. (eds.). 2002. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, FL.
2.A Synopsis of the North American Galerucinae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)
John A. Wilcox. 1965. New York State Museum and Science Service.
3.New World genera of Galerucinae (tribes Galerucini, Metacyclini, and Luperini): an annotated list and identification key.
Viswajyothi, K., & Clark, S.M. 2022. European Journal of Taxonomy, 842(1): 1-102.