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Genus Cremastocheilus - Anteater Scarab Beetles

scarab - Cremastocheilus angularis scarab - Cremastocheilus angularis scarab - Cremastocheilus armatus Cremastocheilus sp. - Cremastocheilus crinitus Cremastocheilus armatus montanus  - Cremastocheilus armatus Unknown Beetle - Cremastocheilus armatus Beetle - Cremastocheilus crinitus Anteater Scarab? - Cremastocheilus
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
Superfamily Scarabaeoidea (Scarab, Stag and Bess Beetles)
Family Scarabaeidae (Scarab Beetles)
Subfamily Cetoniinae (Fruit and Flower Chafers)
Tribe Cremastocheilini
Genus Cremastocheilus (Anteater Scarab Beetles)
Other Common Names
Ant Scarabs
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Nomenclatorially there has been confusion in the spelling of Cremastocheilus (vs. Cremastochihis), see Howden (1971).
Explanation of Names
Cremastocheilus Knoch 1801
Numbers
ca. 35 spp. in our area(1) (may change soon: the group is under revision by W.B. Warner)
Size
9-15 mm
Identification
Typically flattened, dull, black. Elytra crinkled and/or pitted, not striated. Mouthparts highly modified, scooped underneath(2); larvae covered with long, silky hairs(3)
Range
Much of NA
Habitat
mostly ant nests, adults sometimes under dung
Season
Adults often overwinter in ant mounds, and emerge in spring to mate (4); March-September in NC, March-June in SC
Food
Adults may feed on ant brood; larvae may prey on ant larvae, or feed on vegetation collected by some ants, but the relationship is not clear(4)(5)
Print References
Alpert, G.D. 1994. A comparative study of the symbiotic relationships between beetles of the genus Cremastocheilus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) and their host ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 25: 1-276.
Howden, H.F. 1971. Key to the New World Cremastocheilini, with notes and descriptions of a new genus. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 73(2): 224-230. (Full Text)
Works Cited
1.American Beetles, Volume II: Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea
Arnett, R.H., Jr., M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley and J. H. Frank. (eds.). 2002. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, FL.
2.Peterson Field Guides: Beetles
Richard E. White. 1983. Houghton Mifflin Company.
3.California Insects
Jerry A. Powell, Charles L. Hogue. 1989. University of California Press.
4.Scarab beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) of South Carolina
Phillip J. Harpootlian. 2001. Clemson University Public Service.
5.The Beetle Fauna of Rhode Island, an Annotated Checklist
Derek Sikes. 2004. Rhode Island Natural History Survey.