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Species Megatibicen resh - Suggested: "Western Dusk Singing Cicada"

Cicada - Megatibicen resh Hatching Cicada - Megatibicen resh Dogday Harvestfly/Cicada - Megatibicen resh Tibicen - Megatibicen resh TX - Cicada  - Megatibicen resh - female Resh Cicada ? - Megatibicen resh Tibicen resh - Megatibicen resh Cicada which kind ? - Megatibicen resh
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Auchenorrhyncha (Free-living Hemipterans)
Superfamily Cicadoidea (Cicadas, Leafhoppers, and Treehoppers)
Family Cicadidae (Cicadas)
Subfamily Cicadinae
Genus Megatibicen
Species resh (Suggested: "Western Dusk Singing Cicada")
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
First described in 1952 by Samuel Stehman Haldeman as Cicada resh
Tibicen resh
Explanation of Names
The markings on the mesonotum look like an upside-down Hebrew letter Resh (and its mirror image on the other side)
Size
Large (2-2.5 inches incl. wings)
Identification
T. resh is one of our LOUDEST CALLING EASTERN Tibicen SPECIES.
However, the alarm squawks of Tibicen resh (Haldman) rival those of T. pronotalis (syn. walkeri Metcalf). Like pronotalis, the males of resh have also been recorded producing a mean sound pressure level of 105.9 dB(50cm) ranking them among the loudest insects in the world!
Refer to this link for details Loudest Insects

Large (2-2.5 inches incl. wings)
Colorful & patterned -may be green(s), tan, rust, and/or brown with black markings
Similar pattern of pruinosity as seen in auletes but less defined and extensive.

Similar in appearance and habit to Tibicen auletes (Germar 1834), "Northern Dusk Singing Cicada" but slightly smaller and much less pruinose (not nearly as grey-white in appearance).


differentiating T. resh from the "T. pronotalis Group"
The "Z" infuscation found near the tip of the forewing is prevalent in resh and NOT so in pronotalis & dealbatus (usu. very faded or absent).

WINGS: The costal margins of the forewings in resh - heavy veins of the leading wing edge - are gradually arciform and NOT strongly bowed in appearance. The heavily infuscated (i.e. smoky black-grey) "Z" visible towards the ends of the forewings, and typical of most Tibicen species, is well-developed in resh (i.e. The radial and radiomedial cross veins of tegmina, forewing, are HEAVILY infuscated or darkened.).

Tibicen resh
Note the evident "Z" towards the tips of the forewings





(NOTE the faded "Z" - the cross veins are evident but not heavily blackened)

Tibicen pronotalis var. pronotalis
(NOTE the faded "Z" - the cross veins are evident but not heavily blackened)

Tibicen pronotalis var. walkeri
(NOTE the lack of a smoky black "Z" - ONLY the cross veins are evident)

Tibicen pronotalis var. pronotalis
(NOTE the lack of a smoky black "Z" - ONLY the cross veins are evident)
Range
Tibicen resh replaces Tibicen auletes (Germar 1834) & Tibicen resonans (Walker 1850) in the Gulf States west of the Mississippi River (esp. LA, OK, and TX).
Louisiana (common in New Orleans!), Texas, s. Arkansas, most of Oklahoma, sw. Mississippi (Biloxi and nearby communities and woodlands), and s. Kansas ?? spurious reports - (UNKNOWN/UNCONFIRMED - often confused with similar species, refer to remarks section / reported, but specimens were determined to be Tibicen pronotalis).

Also reported to occur in other parts of the Southeast - i.e. Carolinas & Georgia??? - it is likely these reports/specimens are misidentifications of similar species (resonans specimens were id'd as resh in one collection reviewed) or specimens lacking complete/accurate collection data.

Some NOTES on Morphology & Distribution:

Coloration, pattern and size is subject to geographic distribution. Additional collecting efforts may better address these observations.

Populations in the southern and eastern part of the range (LA & coastal TX / e. TX) often tend to be larger, lighter green and possess less black patterning.



Some individuals from populations along the western periphery of the range (i.e. drier parts of Texas) may often be characterized by duller greens, tan, and even browns/reddish-browns - often with more white pruinosity.



There is also a slight tendency for specimens from the northern part of the range (ne. TX, s. OK & s. AR) to be smaller and much darker green, often patterned with more black.

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Haldeman thought the original specimen was collected in Utah on an expedition to the Great Salt Lake, and published the description with the report for that expedition- but was apparently mistaken.
Habitat
Hardwood forests (oaks)
Esp. Live Oaks, both Quercus virginiana & Q. geminata + other misc. Quercu spp. (seems to like Q. nigra).
Season
Late summer.

July-September (Arkansas & Oklahoma)

July-November (Gulf States, LA & TX).
Food
Thought to prefer oaks
Life Cycle
Much like that of T. auletes

eggs usually laid in dead twigs, wood or bark
(occasionally eggs may be laid in living stems and twigs)

eggs hatch and nymphs burrow into the soil

nymphs feed on the sap in roots for several years (prefer oaks, Quercus spp.)

Final instar nymphs emerge and develop into winged adults (emergence for this species usu. occurs at night - into early morning)
Remarks
Replaced by Tibicen auletes in eastern Gulf States
(MS, AL & FL)

Replaced by T. resonans in Pine dominated habitats across the southeast (east of the Miss. Riv.)

The calls of Tibicen resh, Tibicen resonans and T. auletes are very similar and frequently confused with one another.

Similar variations in pronotal patterns have led to misidentifications and questionable distribution reports for all three species mentioned, particularly T. resh (see range for details)

Similar in appearance and habit to Tibicen auletes (Germar 1834), "Northern Dusk Singing Cicada" but slightly smaller and much less pruinose (not nearly as grey-white in appearance).

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Frequently confused and closely related - T. auletes, T. resh & T. resonans.
T. auletes is our LARGEST EASTERN Tibicen SPECIES.

T. resh

T. resonans