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Species Podosesia syringae - Lilac Borer - Hodges#2589

Lilac borer- Podosesia syringae - Podosesia syringae - male 30apr2012-sesiid - Podosesia syringae Lilac Borer - Podosesia syringae Podosesia syringae Lilac borers - mating pair - Podosesia syringae - male - female Moth on viburnum - Podosesia syringae Aurora Sesiid - Podosesia syringae Podosesia syringae - male
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Sesioidea (Clearwing Moths)
Family Sesiidae (Clearwing Moths)
Subfamily Sesiinae
Tribe Synanthedonini
Genus Podosesia (Ash/Lilac Borers)
Species syringae (Lilac Borer - Hodges#2589)
Hodges Number
2589
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Podosesia syringae (Harris, 1839)
Aegeria syringae Harris, 1839
Trochilium syringae
Sesia syringae
Podesesia syringae
Sciapteron syringae
* phylogenetic sequence #080900
Explanation of Names
Named for the genus of one of its hosts, Syringae (lilac).
Numbers
One of only 2 species in this genus in North America.
Size
Forewing length 10-17 mm. (1)
Wingspan: ♂ 26-32 mm, ♀ 32-38 mm. (2)
Larva to 26-30 mm. (3)
Pupa 18-24 mm. (3)
Identification
Adult - a yellow color variation is found in the northern states and Canada (William H. Taft).
Larva - body white with amber head, thoracic shield and spiracles. (3)
Range
Eastern two thirds of the United States and southern Canada. Disjunct populations in central California and the Pacific Northwest. (1)
Food
Larvae bore in the limbs and trunk of various Oleaceae, including ash (Fraxinus), lilac (Syringae), olive (Olea), privet (Ligustrum) and fringetree (Chionanthus). It can be a serious pest in commercial plant operations. (1)
Life Cycle
See Solomom in Print References. (3)
Remarks
Adults respond to (Z,Z)-3,13-ODDA (and blends) pheromone lures (Meyer & Cranshaw, 1994). Appears to mimic wasps in the genus Polistes
See Also
Podosesia aureocincta, a closely related species flies in late July through September in the north. (1)
Print References
Beuttenmüller, W. 1901. Monograph of the Sesiidae of America, north of Mexico. Memoirs of the American Museum of Natural History 1(6): 244-245, pl.33, f.10 (4)
Brown, L.N. & R.F. Mizell, III 1993. The Clearwing Borers of Florida (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae). Tropical Lepidoptera 4(4): 1-21 (PDF) (1)
Engelhardt, G.P. 1946. The North American Clear-wing Moths of the family Aegeriidae. United States National Museum Bulletin 190: 108-109 (2)
Meyer, W.L. & W.S Cranshaw 1994. Capture of Clearwing Borers (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae) with three synthetic attractants in Colorado. Southwestern Entomologist 19(1): 71-76 (PDF)
Solomon, J.D. 1995. Guide to insect borers in North American broadleaf trees and shrubs. USDA Forest Service Agriculture Handbook AH-706: 30-33, f.11 (download menu) (3)
Works Cited
1.The Clearwing Borers of Florida (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae).
Larry N. Brown & Russel F. Mizell, III. 1993. Tropical Lepidoptera 4(4): 1-21.
2.The North American Clear-wing Moths of the family Aegeriidae.
George P. Engelhardt. 1946. United States National Museum Bulletin 190: 1-222, pl.1-32.
3.Guide to insect borers in North American broadleaf trees and shrubs
Solomon, J.D. 1995. USDA Forest Service Agriculture Handbook. 735 pp.
4.Monograph of the Sesiidae of America, north of Mexico.
William Beutenmüller. 1901. Memoirs of the American Museum of Natural History 1(6): 218-352, pl.29-36.