Family Phoridae - Scuttle Flies
Non-apoid flower-visiting fauna of Everglades National Park, Florida.By Pascarella, J.B., K.D. Waddington & P.R. Neal.
Biodiversity and Conservation, 10(4): 551–566., 2001
Pascarella, J.B., K.D. Waddington & P.R. Neal. 2001. Non-apoid flower-visiting fauna of Everglades National Park, Florida. Biodiversity and Conservation, 10(4): 551–566.
The non-apoid flower-visiting fauna of Everglades National Park (ENP), Florida, was surveyed during 1995–1997 as part of a community pollinator survey. One hundred and thirty one sampling trips were made to four areas of Everglades National Park (Shark Valley, Chekika, Long Pine Key (LPK), and Flamingo). Species–month curves indicate that the sampling effort resulted in capture of most of the flower-visiting animal species in the park. A total of 143 insects and 1 bird species were recorded. Diptera were the most diverse group (55 spp.), followed by Lepidoptera (42 spp.) and non-apoid Hymenoptera (34 spp.). The majority of species were rare (56% of species were found on fewer than five trips). The highest diversity of species was found from January to May during the peak flowering period in some plant communities. The greatest total diversity was found in Long Pine Key and Shark Valley had the lowest diversity. Chekika and Flamingo were intermediate in diversity. Animals visited 178 plant species,∼26% of the potentially animal pollinated Angiosperm diversity of the park. Twenty-five species of plants had only non-apoid flower visitors; the majority of these species had only visits by Lepidoptera. Potentially important pollinator species include members of the Syrphidae, Coleoptera, and Lepidoptera. However, many of the flower-visiting species may not be effective pollinators. This study will be useful for designing sampling protocols for including invertebrates in assessments of ecological restoration underway in the Everglades ecosystem and for more detailed studies of the importance of non-apoid flower-visitors as effective pollinators.
Forensic Entomology Atlas and Pictorial Key By Ralph E. Williams, Patrick Jones, & Kristi Bugajski
CRC Pr I LLC; 1 edition, 2014
Focusing primarily in death investigation and also addressing other legal matters and litigation in which arthropods may be involved, this book provides a complete photographic atlas of insects and related arthropods that may be encountered in forensic investigations. The text provides color photos of each pertinent arthropod within each taxonomic order along with a concise presentation of biological information on each of the species. In addition, the authors provide pertinent pictorial taxonomic keys fordipteraandcoleoptera, two insect orders that have species of significant importance in forensic investigations. Tables list important species within each taxonomic order.
The Science of Forensic Entomology By David B Rivers & Gregory Dahlem
Wiley-Blackwell; 1 edition, 2014
Forensic entomology is one of the newest sub-disciplines to be recognized by international judicial systems in countries located on every continent. Arguably it deals with the most unpleasant evidence of all disciplines—fly maggots that feed on a corpses. Though this text provides coverage of the three sub-fields of Forensic entomology—Urban, Stored Product, and Medicocriminal—it is the latter that is the core of the book.
The Science of Forensic Entomology builds a foundation of biological and entomological knowledge that equips the student to be able to understand and resolve questions concerning the presence of specific insects at a crime scene, in which the answers require deductive reasoning, seasoned observation, reconstruction and experimentation—features required of all disciplines that have hypothesis testing at its core. Each chapter addresses topics that delve into the underlying biological principles and concepts relevant to the insect biology that forms the bases for using insects in matters of legal importance.
A DIPTERIST'S HANDBOOK, Second Edition By Peter Chandler, editor, with contributions by 42 other authors
Amateur Entomologists' Society, UK, 2010
This handbook provides a valuable reference for everyone interested in the study of flies, both beginners and experienced dipterists. Since the first edition appeared in 1978, there have been considerable advances in knowledge of Diptera, and new techniques and equipment used in their study have developed. The Handbook has been fully updated and new subjects have been added so that it has grown substantially to more than twice the size of the first edition.
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