Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Upcoming Events

Information, insects and people from the 2019 BugGuide Gathering in Louisiana, July 25-27

Discussion, insects and people from the 2018 gathering in Virginia, July 27-29

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12

Photos of insects and people from the 2014 gathering in Virginia, June 4-7.

Photos of insects and people from the 2013 gathering in Arizona, July 25-28

Photos of insects and people from the 2012 gathering in Alabama

Photos of insects and people from the 2011 gathering in Iowa


Genus Conozoa

Conozoa rebellis - male Cristate Grasshopper - Conozoa texana - male White-lined Grasshopper - Conozoa rebellis - male Cristate Grasshopper 5th Instar - Conozoa texana Cristate Grasshopper 2nd Instar - Conozoa texana Small grasshopper - Conozoa sulcifrons - male Conozoa carinata - female Conozoa sulcifrons - female
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Orthoptera (Grasshoppers, Crickets, Katydids)
Suborder Caelifera (Grasshoppers)
Family Acrididae (Short-horned Grasshoppers)
Subfamily Oedipodinae (Band-winged Grasshoppers)
Tribe Trimerotropini
Genus Conozoa
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Conozoa Saussure, 1884; type species (by later designation, W.F. Kirby, 1910): Conozoa behrensi Saussure (= sulcifrons)
Trimerotropis subgenus Agonozoa McNeill, 1900; type species: Trimerotropis texana L. Bruner
Agonozoa (McNeill) Caudell, 1911.
Explanation of Names
The name Agonozoa is available as a genus or subgenus for species of the Rebellis species group (i.e. hyalina, rebellis, texana) should they be segregated from more "typical" Conozoa (i.e. carinata, sulcifrons). Traditionally the "Agonozoa" types were treated as species of Trimerotropis following McNeill's work in 1900 and up to Otte's work in 1984, when they were moved back into Conozoa. They are often still listed as Trimerotropis species.
Seven species are currently recognized. They seem to form three groups:
Sulcifrons Group: C. sulcifrons & carinata
Nicola Group: C. clementina & nicola
Rebellis Group (= Agonozoa): C. rebellis, texana, & hyalina
About 20-40 mm
Relatively small to medium-sized grasshoppers; slender, laterally compressed of body, usually with lower hind angles of pronotum produced somewhat downward and often squared or toothed (in two California island species this is more "normally" rounded). Tegmina commonly with two dark roughly rectangular spots near costal (lower when folded) margin that do not continue over the top when tegmina are folded over body. Hind wings yellow or yellowish, usually with at least a trace of dark band crossing near middle, and if present this with a spur projecting toward base of wing near front margin.

Most similar to species of Trimerotropis, and the differences are subtle, based on a combination of characters. Generally most Trimerotropis are larger and have dark bands (often broken and irregular) crossing the top of folded tegmina, or they do not have the lower rear angle of the lateral lobes of the pronotum produced downward nor angular or toothed. The "Fontana Group" of Trimerotropis are very similar in pattern, and probably closely related to Conozoa.

Genera of the tribe Psinidini may appear similar, but the top of the pronotum is usually not so nearly flat, and is much more irregular in shape with stronger sculpturing; the top of the head is more strongly sculpted; the head is proportionately larger; in most the body is wider (widening more from top to bottom); and the hind femur is usually shaped differently. Often they have wings in orange or red colors (which Conozoa do not), and they never have hind tibiae orange or red (which some Conozoa do).
Western North America (mostly west from the Rockies). Primarily within the United States, but one species enters extreme sw. Canada and a few occur into Mexico
Internet References