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Species Prionus laticollis - Broad-necked Root Borer

Attack of the Giant Cerambycids - Prionus laticollis - female Beetle - Prionus laticollis Large beetle sp? - Prionus laticollis Beetle - Prionus laticollis - female Beetle 0725 - Prionus laticollis - male - female Big beetle - Prionus laticollis Root borer larva - Prionus laticollis Prionus sp? - Prionus laticollis
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
No Taxon (Series Cucujiformia)
Superfamily Chrysomeloidea (Long-horned and Leaf Beetles)
Family Cerambycidae (Long-horned Beetles)
Subfamily Prioninae
Tribe Prionini
Genus Prionus
No Taxon (subgenus Prionus)
Species laticollis (Broad-necked Root Borer)
Size
20-50 mm
Identification
Pronotum as broad, or almost as broad, as base of elytra. Very dark. Elytra have irregular punctures, and each elytron has three indistinct longitudinal ridges. Pronotum has three blunt lateral teeth on each side. Antennae have 12-13 segments. Female much larger than male. The former is reported to be flightless, or nearly so. Males are attracted to lights.

Compare Prionus pocularis, which is more brown, base of pronotum narrower, elytra more punctate, eyes closely spaced, female metasternum hairy.
Range
Eastern North America: Quebec, west to Ontario, Minnesota, Oklahoma. South to Florida formerly, but no recent records for that state.
Habitat
Deciduous forests.
Season
June-September (Northeast). June-August (North Carolina mountains). July, especially in North Carolina Piedmont.
Food
Adults eat foliage, sometimes damage fruit trees, grape vines.
Life Cycle
Eggs are inserted into ground (or under litter) in groups. Larvae tunnel downward to feed on living roots of a variety of trees and shrubs. At first they may feed on bark, but then proceed to hollow out small roots. Pupation occurs in spring, about 10 cm under the ground. Life cycle probably three years.
See Also
Prionus pocularis
Print References
Dillon, p. 577, plate LVII (1)
Yanega, p. 27, fig. 9a-b (2)
Arnett et al., p. 295, fig. 690 (3)
Papp, p. 203, fig. 684 (4)
Brimley, p. 210 (5)
Swan and Papp, p. 442, fig. 928 (6)
Beal, p. 71 (7)
Baker, p. 200--description (8)
Works Cited
1.A Manual of Common Beetles of Eastern North America
Dillon, Elizabeth S., and Dillon, Lawrence. 1961. Row, Peterson, and Company.
2.Field Guide to Northeastern Longhorned Beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)
Douglas Yanega. 1996. Illinois Natural History Survey.
3.How to Know the Beetles
Ross H. Arnett, N. M. Downie, H. E. Jaques. 1980. Wm. C. Brown Publishers.
4.Introduction to North American Beetles
Charles S. Papp. 1984. Entomography Pubns.
5.Insects of North Carolina
C.S. Brimley. 1938. North Carolina Department of Agriculture.
6.The Common Insects of North America
Lester A. Swan, Charles S. Papp. 1972. Harper & Row.
7.Forest Insects of the Southeast
James A. Beal. 1952. Duke University School of Forestry (Bulletin no. 14).
8.Eastern Forest Insects
Whiteford L. Baker. 1972. U.S. Department of Agriculture · Forest Service.