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Species Catocala alabamae - Alabama Underwing - Hodges#8869

8869 Alabama Underwing - Catocala alabamae Underwing - Catocala alabamae light brown moth on blue chair - Catocala alabamae Catocala alabamae Catocala alabamae Catocala alabamae Alabama Underwing - Catocala alabamae unknown moth - Catocala alabamae
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Erebidae
Subfamily Erebinae
Tribe Catocalini
Genus Catocala (Underwings)
Species alabamae (Alabama Underwing - Hodges#8869)
Hodges Number
8869
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Catocala alabamae Grote, 1875 (1), (2), (3), (4)
Catocala polygama Guenée, 1852 (105, suppressed name)
Catocala olivia Hy. Edwards, 1880 (5), (6), (2), (3), (4)
Catocala titania Dodge, 1900 (472), (3), (4)
Catocala titania var. distincta Schwarz, 1919 (16)
Explanation of Names
Specific epithet for the type location.
Size
Wingspan 20-40 mm.
Identification
Adult - forewing of nominate subspecies has thick black AM line and dark shading in subterminal area near inner margin; subspecies titania is plainer looking, with less distinct AM line, and faint or absent shading in subterminal area; form olivia has blackish rectangular patch along inner margin; hindwing orange with two black bands, the outer band interrupted near the anal angle.
Range
Maryland to Florida, west to Texas, north to Missouri and Illinois.
Type locality: Demopolis, Alabama (A.R. Grote). (1), (7)
Season
Adults fly from May to August; most abundant in late May and early June in Louisiana.
Food
Larvae feed on hawthorn (Crataegus), sweet crabapple (Malus coronaria), and chickasaw plum (Prunus angustifolia). (8)
See Also
Catocala charlotti forewing usually has heavier AM & PM lines but cannot reliably be distinguished without disection. (8)
Print References
Barnes, Wm. & J.H. McDunnough, 1918. Illustrations of the North American species of the genus Catocala. Memoirs of the AMNH 2(1): p.41; Pl.9, f.17. (3)
Gall, L.F., 2002. Catocala Alabamae Grote, 1875 (Insecta, Lepidoptera): Proposed conservation of the specific name. The Bulletin of zoological nomenclature 59(2): 117-120. (approved)
Grote, A.R., 1875. On North American Noctuae. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 27: 427. (1)
Works Cited
1.On North American Noctuae.
Augustus Radcliffe Grote. 1875. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 27: 418-427.
2.Notes on some species of Catocala.
William Beutenmüller . 1903. Bulletin of the AMNH, 19(19): 505-510.
3.Illustrations of the North American species of the genus Catocala.
William Barnes, James Halliday McDunnough. 1918. Memoirs of the AMNH 2(1).
4.Systematics of moths in the genus Catocala (Lepidoptera, Erebidae) IV. Nomenclatorial stabilization of the ....
Lawrence Gall, David Hawks. 2010. Zookeys 39: 37-83.
5.Descriptions of some new species of Catocala.
Henry Edwards. 1880. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 2(12): 93-97.
6.The genus Catocala.
George. D. Hulst. 1884. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 7(1): 14-56.
7.Systematics of moths in the genus Catocala (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). III.
Gall, Lawrence F. & David C. Hawks. 2002. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society. 56(4): 234-264.
8.Bill Oehlke's North American Catocala
9.North American Moth Photographers Group