Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
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Upcoming Events

Discussion of 2018 gathering

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12

Photos of insects and people from the 2014 gathering in Virginia, June 4-7.

Photos of insects and people from the 2013 gathering in Arizona, July 25-28

Photos of insects and people from the 2012 gathering in Alabama

Photos of insects and people from the 2011 gathering in Iowa

Photos from the 2010 Workshop in Grinnell, Iowa

Photos from the 2009 gathering in Washington


Family Cicadellidae - Leafhoppers

Hopper - Japananus hyalinus Leafhoppers - Graphocephala versuta - male - female  Japanese Leafhopper - Orientus ishidae leafhopper - Menosoma cincta A very red  - Sophonia orientalis Hopper #7 - Empoasca fabae Gyponana - Gyponana gladia Oblique-yellow-banded leafhopper - Erythridula
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Auchenorrhyncha (Free-living Hemipterans)
Superfamily Cicadoidea (Cicadas, Leafhoppers, and Treehoppers)
Family Cicadellidae (Leafhoppers)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Placed in the superfamily Membracoidea by some authors. Classification in the guide follows Dietrich (2005)(1)
about 3,000 described species in NA, ca. 22,000 described species worldwide (estimated global diversity >100,000 spp.) arranged into ~25 subfamilies and almost 60 tribes(1)(2)
~80 spp. in Yukon(3)
>500 spp. in QC (checklist)(4)
2-30 mm, usually under 13 mm
Key to subfamilies and tribes in(1), simplified version in(5)
Wing nomenclature
worldwide; in NA, some species migrate south in the fall, and back north in the spring
selected checklists and faunal works:(6)
nearly every habitat with vascular plants, incl. deserts, grasslands, wetlands, and forests
year-round in the south; spring through fall in the north; some species overwinter as adults beneath leaf litter or matted grasses
nymphs and adults feed on sap of above-ground stems or leaves of plants; some species are more host-specific than others
Life Cycle
varies according to species; in general, female inserts several eggs into living tissue of host plant; eggs either remain dormant for a period ranging from a month to over a year, or develop and hatch within a few weeks; nymphs undergo five molts, reaching adult stage in several weeks or months
Leafhoppers coat their bodies and wings with a light dusting of water-repellent waxy material (brochosomes), sometimes distributed unevenly as bilaterally asymmetric whitish streaks [Dr Hamilton's comment]
Leafhoppers have sound-producing organs (tymbals) at the base of abdomen (songs usually too faint for human ear)
Several species are serious crop pests; some transmit plant pathogens (viruses, mycoplasma-like organisms, etc.)
See Also
Some Spittle bugs (Cercopoidea) look similar but lack rows of spines on the hind tibiae
Internet References