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Subfamily Monodontomerinae

small wasp - Monodontomerus - female Wasp - Monodontomerus - female unknown parasite in leaf-cutter bee nest - Monodontomerus - female Unknown parasitica - Monodontomerus - female Chalcid wasp - Torymidae - Monodontomerus - female Torymus sp? - Monodontomerus thorpi Monodontomerus - female Monodontomerus - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon ("Parasitica" - Parasitoid Wasps)
Superfamily Chalcidoidea (Chalcidoid Wasps)
Family Torymidae
Subfamily Monodontomerinae
Range
About half of Monodontomerinae species are Holarctic, with the rest distributed in other zoogeographical regions.
Remarks
Members of this subfamily mostly parasitize Lepidoptera pupae, larvae of aculeate wasps and bees, and sawflies and larvae of their hyperparasitoids. This is the only group of Torymidae that attack eggs of Heteroptera and Orthoptera. Some species (genus Zaglyptonotus) oviposit into galls caused by other insects.
Print References
Jansta, Petr, Astrid Cruaud, Gerard Delvare, Guenaelle Genson, John Heraty, Barbora Krizkova, and Jean-Yves Rasplus. 2017. Torymidae (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea) revised: molecular phylogeny, circumscription and reclassification of the family with discussion of its biogeography and evolution of life-history traits. Cladistics [DOI: 10.1111/cla.12228]