Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Family Hybotidae - Hybotid Dance Flies

dance fly? - Leptopeza Fly - Stilpon Platypalpus Platypalpus Culicomorpha? - Platypalpus Hybotidae: Playpalpus - Platypalpus Hybotidae: Playpalpus - Platypalpus Dance Fly - Platypalpus
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon (Orthorrhapha)
Superfamily Empidoidea
Family Hybotidae (Hybotid Dance Flies)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
used to be treated as a part of Empididae, incl. in recent important sources(1)(2)(3)
Explanation of Names
Hybotidae Macquart 1823
~300 spp. in 25 genera of 3 subfamilies in our area(3), >2,000 spp. in 75 genera total(4)
"Empidinae normally have a thick beak pointing down. Hybotinae have a thinner beak, or a thick beak pointing forwards or diagonally. Empidinae frequently have vein R4+5 forked. Hybotidae never do. Empidinae have a discal cell with three veins on the distal side. Some Hybotidae do not, or have only two veins." -comment by John F. Carr
Also, generally, the foreleg not raptorial, alula usually present, small, anal lobe usually developed, vein CuA2 forming a distinct angle with basal part of vein A1.
Internet References (photo gallery)
Works Cited
1.Manual of Nearctic Diptera Volume 1
Varies for each chapter; edited by J.F. McAlpine, B.V. Petersen, G.E. Shewell, H.J. Teskey, J.R. Vockeroth, D.M. Wood. 1981. Research Branch Agriculture Canada.
2.Insects: Their Natural History And Diversity: With a Photographic Guide to Insects of Eastern North America
Stephen A. Marshall. 2006. Firefly Books Ltd.
3.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
4.Order Diptera Linnaeus, 1758. In: Zhang Z.-Q. (ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification...
Pape T., Blagoderov V., Mostovski M.B. 2011. Zootaxa 3148: 222–229.