Family Colletidae - Cellophane or Plasterer, Masked, and Fork-tongued Bees
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon (Aculeata - Ants, Bees and Stinging Wasps)
No Taxon (Anthophila (Apoidea) - Bees)
Family Colletidae (Cellophane or Plasterer, Masked, and Fork-tongued Bees)
Other Common Names
ca. 160 spp. in 6 genera of 4 subfamilies in our area, >2,500 spp. in ~90 genera of 8 subfamilies worldwide(1)
ca. 100 spp. in a single genus in our area, almost 500 spp. in 2 genera total (the second genus is in S.America south of the equator)(1)
7 spp. in 3 genera in our area (all in the Caupolicanini), 130 spp. in 11 genera of 3 tribes total; this is a New World group, almost exclusively neotropical(1)
in our area, ~50 spp. in a single genus, 934 spp. in 7 genera worldwide; about ¾ of the global diversity is in the Old World; all the genera except the cosmopolitan Hylaeus
are restricted to Australasia (~350 spp. are Australasian, too)(1)
a single species in our area, 430 spp. in 46 genera total; ~2/3 of the spp. are Australasian, the rest, Neotropical(1)
Overview of our fauna (* –taxa not yet in the guide)
Jugal lobe in HW longer than submedian cell. Basal vein straight or nearly so. One subantennal suture below each antennal socket. Glossa (tongue) short, bilobed or truncate.
2nd and 3rd submarginal cells are roughly the same size in Colletidae, while 2nd one is distinctly smaller in Andrenidae.(2)(3)
Guide to eastern genera in(4)
OVERVIEW OF GENERA
Genus Colletes - Cellophane bees
Subfamily Diphaglossinae - Fork- and Feather-tongued Bees
Genus Caupolicana - Fork-tongued Bees
Genus Ptiloglossa - Feather-tongued Bees
Genus Zikanapis - Zikan's Feather-tongued Bees
Genus Hylaeus - Masked Bees
Worldwide, most species live in South America and Australia.
Two subfamilies, Euryglossinae and Hylaeinae, lack external pollen-carrying apparatus (scopa), they carry pollen in their crops.
Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
. Phylogeny of colletid bees (Hymenoptera: Colletidae) inferred from four nuclear genes
|2.||Peterson First Guide to Insects of North America|
Richard E. White, Christopher Leahy, Roger Tory Peterson. 1998. Houghton Mifflin Co.
|3.||Borror and DeLong's Introduction to the Study of Insects|
Norman F. Johnson, Charles A. Triplehorn. 2004. Brooks Cole.