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Family Trigonalidae

wasp - Orthogonalys pulchella Taeniogonalos gundlachi, for confirmation. - Taeniogonalos gundlachii Crabronid? - Lycogaster pullata Wasp ? - Taeniogonalos gundlachii - female Tiny wasp with smoky wing edge - Taeniogonalos gundlachii Yellow Jacket Mimic? - Taeniogonalos gundlachii - female Taeniogonalos gundlachii ? - Taeniogonalos gundlachii - female Lycogaster pullata nevadensis (the western subspecies) - Lycogaster pullata
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon ("Parasitica" - Parasitoid Wasps)
Superfamily Trigonaloidea
Family Trigonalidae
Explanation of Names
Trigonalidae Cresson 1887
Trigonalyidae of authors (see page for Trigonaloidea)
5 spp. in 4 genera in our area(1)(2) (incl. a recently described species of Orthogonalys), >90 spp. in 16 genera worldwide(3)
Usually brightly colored and stout. Antennae very long and with many segments.
Parasites of social vespids or of the parasites of caterpillars
Life Cycle
Females of many species lay their minute eggs on the edge of leaves. The eggs have to be consumed by the host. The larvae later on attacks the parasites of the host, so they are hyperparasites.
Internet References
Taxon page (D. Cameron)
Works Cited
1.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
2.Borror and DeLong's Introduction to the Study of Insects
Norman F. Johnson, Charles A. Triplehorn. 2004. Brooks Cole.
3.Order Hymenoptera. In: Zhang Z-Q (ed) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classif. and survey of taxonomic richness
Aguiar AP, Deans AR, Engel MS, Forshage M, Huber JT, Jennings JT, Johnson NF, Lelej AS, Longino JT, Lohrmann V, Mikó I, Ohl M. 2013. Zootaxa 3703: 51–62.