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TaxonomyBrowse
Info
ImagesLinksBooksData

Genus Oxyopes

Spider - Oxyopes scalaris - female small leopard print spider - Oxyopes scalaris Awesome Orange Lynx Spider! - Oxyopes scalaris - female spider with water drop - Oxyopes salticus - female Striped Lynx Spider - Oxyopes salticus - female Oxyopes Oxyopes Bronze colored spider...??? - Oxyopes
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Chelicerata (Chelicerates)
Class Arachnida (Arachnids)
Order Araneae (Spiders)
Infraorder Araneomorphae (True Spiders)
No Taxon (Entelegynae)
Family Oxyopidae (Lynx Spiders)
Genus Oxyopes
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Explanation of Names
Oxyopes: Greek, means having sharp eyes.
Numbers
13 species in bugguide's range (USA & Canada)

Aceistus Group: O. acleistus, aglossus, and occidens.
Apollo Group: O. apollo, artemis, cougar, felinus, lynx, pardus, and tridens.
Others: O. salticus, scalaris, and panther (panther-apollo group species?).
Identification
Females

1. O. salticus, O. acleistus & O. aglossus - with distinct black lines on ventral surfaces of femora I & II.
& &
O. aglossus easily confused with O. acleistus in the south.
    a) O. aglossus with more white space between facial lines.
O. aglossus

    b) O. acleistus carapace brown edges longer towards the abdomen than O. aglossus.
O. acleistus O. aglossus


    c) O. acleistus with broad black and brown lines down from the AME.
   
    d) O. salticus & O. aglossus with narrow black lines down from the AME onto the chelicerae.
   
    e) O. salticus with 3 longitudinal white stripes on top the carapace and horizontal black line on the side.
   

2. O. scalaris – variable color/pattern, almost completely brown carapace. Can have diffuse brown lines on ventral surface of femur I.
    a) O. scalaris most common species across the US. (O. salticus 2nd most common.)


Males

1. O. salticus, O. acleistus & O. aglossus - with distinct black lines on ventral surfaces of femora I & II.

O. salticus - look for the horizontal dash on the side of the carpace


O. acleistus - Median ventral black stripe on femora I, II & III. The lines on the front of the face are thicker than O. aglossus.


O. aglossus - The lines on the front of the face are thin and are far away from the vertical lines on the side of the face giving a wide clear space between them


2. O. scalaris – variable color/pattern, almost completely brown carapace. Can have diffuse brown lines on ventral surface of femur I.
Range
General range for species found in USA & Canada.

O. acleistus (aureus) - Florida, Louisiana, Texas & northern Mexico.
O. aglossus - Virginia, Tennessee, North Carolina, south to Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and west to Texas.
O. apollo (floridanus) - Florida, TN, Missouri, Arkansas south through Oklahoma & Texas, west to Arizona and south into Mexico.
O. artemis (f) - AZ, Mexico
O. cougar - NC to western FL
O. felinus - AZ & Mexico
O. lynx (m) - TX
O. occidens - AZ, Baja California
O. panther(f) - AZ & Mexico
O. pardus(m) - AZ
O. salticus - North America
O. scalaris - Canada to Northern Mexico
O. tridens - Western Texas to southern Nevada & California, south into Mexico.
Life Cycle
The molting process of Oxyopes
Remarks
O. cougar - See Brady, 1969 for drawings & description.
See Also
Print References
The Lynx Spiders Of North America, North Of Mexico (Araneae: Oxyopidae)
By Allen R. Brady
Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Vol. 131, No. 13 Cambridge, Mass. September 30, 1964

Spiders of North America: An Identification Manual
By D. Ubick, P. Paquin, P.E. Cushing, and V. Roth (eds)
American Arachnological Society, 2005

The Spider Book by John Henry Comstock
Fifth printing 1980
ISBN 0-8014-0084-8

How to Know the Spiders by B. J. Kaston
Third Edition 1978
ISBN: 0697048985

Common Spiders Of The United States by James H. Emerton 1961
ISBN 486-20223-2

The Spiders Of The United States by Nicholas Marcellus Hentz, MD
Occasional Papers Of The Boston Society Of Natural History II 1875

Occasional Papers of the Florida State Collection of Arthropods Vol. 11 2004
Revision of the Jumping Spiders of the Genus Phidippus (Araneae: Salticidae)
By G. B. Edwards, Ph.D.
Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services

A RECONSIDERATION OF THE OXYOPES APOLLO SPECIES GROUP WITH THE DESCRIPTIONS OF TWO NEW SPECIES (ARANEAE: OXYOPIDAE)
BY ALLEN R. BRADY
Hope College, Holland, Michigan 49423
Internet References
downloads.hindawi.com - PDF, The Lynx Spider Genus Oxyopes in Mexico and Central America, Brady, 1975.
psyche.entclub.org - PDF, A Reconsideration of the Oxyopes Apollo Species Group with the Descriptions of Two New Species, Brady, 1969.
www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page - The Lynx Spiders of North America North of Mexico. Brady, 1964