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Species Copivaleria grotei - Grote's Sallow - Hodges#10021

gray mottled moth - Copivaleria grotei moth - Copivaleria grotei Moth - Copivaleria grotei Noctuidae: Copivaleria grotei - Copivaleria grotei Grote's Sallow (Copivaleria grotei)  - Copivaleria grotei Noctuidae larva, dorsal - Copivaleria grotei Grote's Sallow - Hodges#10021 - Copivaleria grotei Grote's Sallow - Copivaleria grotei
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Noctuidae (Owlet Moths)
Subfamily Amphipyrinae
Tribe Psaphidini
Subtribe Psaphidina
Genus Copivaleria (Sallow Moths)
Species grotei (Grote's Sallow - Hodges#10021)
Hodges Number
10021
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Copivaleria grotei (Morrison)
Valeria grotei Morrison, 1874
Phylogenetic sequence # 931557
Explanation of Names
Copivaleria grotei honors US lepidopterist Augustus Radcliffe Grote (1841-1903) (1).
Numbers
The only Copivaleria species that occurs in America north of Mexico. (2),(3)
Size
Wingspan 35-40 mm. Forewing 16-18 mm (7 measured images).
Identification
Overall mottled dark gray with contrasting whitish orbicular and reniform spots and a pale "arrowhead" patch at the junction of the (folded) forewings near anal angle. Many specimens show ochre to gold or olive-brown highlights scattered over much of forewings. Distal portion of forewings slightly paler but not obviously whitish as in Figure-eight Sallow (see below). Thorax pale centered with black or black-margined tegulae ("shoulders").
The original description as Valeria grotei Morrison, is available online at the link in print preferences below.
Range
Found throughout most of the United States from the Rocky Mountains eastward. (4), (5), (6)
Moth Photographers Group - large range map with some collection dates.
Season
Primary flight period for adults is March through May, with smaller numbers as early as February, in June, and in September-October. (5)
Food
Larval host is ash (Fraxinus sp.)
See Also
Figure-eight Sallow – Psaphida resumens Walker - has (a) differently shaped pale patch ("arrowhead") near anal angle of FWs, (b) mottled thorax often with tegulae paler than center (opposite of Grote's), and (c) more extensive, uniform pale area in the distal 1/8 of the FWs. See discussion in this ID guide on iNaturalist.org.


Afflicted Dagger can be confused--has pale-centered thorax with dark tegulae--but has overall darker ground color, inconspicuous reniform spot, and less obvious pale patch in rear portion of FWs.
Print References
Morrison, H.K. 1874. Description of two new Noctuidae from the Atlantic District. Bulletin of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences. 26: p. (274) (read online)
Poole, R.W., 1995. The Moths of America North of Mexico, Fascicle 26.1: p. 176; pl. 5.32.(3)