Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Conalcaea huachucana Rehn, 1907. Type locality: Carr Canyon, Huachuca Mountains, Cochise County, Arizona
Conalcaea coyoterae Hebard, 1922. Type locality: Prescott, Yavapai County, Arizona
Conalcaea huachucana coyoterae Gurney, 1951
mountains of southwest New Mexico, southeast and central Arizona (south and east from Yavapai and Gila Counties), and adjacent northern Mexico
mostly associated with Pine and Oak in wooded or scrub areas in mountains above about 6000 ft.
eggs hatch mostly in spring with adults in summer and until frost
Very similar to Barytettix, but the half and half color pattern of the tiny wings is distinctive in Conalcaea. Nymphs of the two genera are more difficult to distinguish, and habitat is often the best guide.
Distinction from other short-winged species it may occur with can be made by noting the lengthwise half and half color pattern of the small oval tegmina (front wings), this is commonly black and white, particularly in males. Hind tibiae are usually red or reddish. There is usually a pale middorsal stripe on the abdomen (sometimes on thorax and head too). Build is stockier than most other similar species which co-occur. Pronotum is emarginate (concave-angled) or sometimes almost straight at rear margin (in most related species it is convex and rounded or angled), and the top of the pronotum is distinctly wider at rear than at front with principal sulcus (cross groove that is furthest back) cutting middle roughly 2/3 the distance from front edge to back edge.