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Genus Auletobius

Tooth-nosed Snout Weevil - Auletobius cassandrae Weevil - Auletobius cassandrae dark w/white setae weevil - Auletobius cassandrae dark w/white setae weevil - Auletobius cassandrae dark w/white setae weevil - Auletobius cassandrae Auletobius cassandrae (LeConte) - Auletobius cassandrae Tooth-nosed Snout Weevil - Auletobius cassandrae 2mm weevil from - Auletobius cassandrae
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
No Taxon (Series Cucujiformia)
Superfamily Curculionoidea (Snout and Bark Beetles)
Family Attelabidae (Leaf Rolling Weevils)
Subfamily Rhynchitinae (Leaf and Bud Weevils)
Genus Auletobius
Explanation of Names
Auletobius Desbrochers 1869
Numbers
9 described spp. in our area(1); speciose subcosmopolitan genus, with 7 subgenera worldwide(2)

The number of N-American species has been reduced to six by revision (3):
Auletobius ater (LeConte, 1876)
Auletobius cassandrae (LeConte, 1876)
Auletobius humeralis Boheman, 1859
Auletobius nasalis (LeConte, 1876)
(= A. laticollis Casey, 1866)
(= A. rufipennis Pierce, 1909)
(= A. mariposae Zimmerman, 1932)
Auletobius sanguisorbae (Schrank, 1798)
(= A. congruus Walker, 1866)
Auletobius viridis Pierce, 1909
Size
rather small (1.7 - 3.5 mm without rostrum)
Identification
Elytral puncturation partly to completely disordered, as a difference to most other Rhynchitinae.

N-American species divide in four sections, recently given genus rank:

A. antennae inserted basally on rostrum (Auletobius Desbrochers, 1869)
- A. sanguisorbae
B. antennae inserted at middle of rostrum (Pseudmesauletes Legalov, 2001)
- A. ater
antennae inserted at about 1/3 rostral length . . . . . . . . . .

D. antennal club unusually large, elytral punctures confused (Cesauletes Hamilton, 1983)
- A. nasalis (> 2mm, red to black, tends to have scutellar triangle spot)
- A. viridis (< 2mm, black with metallic luster)
E. antennal club normal, elytral punctures serial in tendency (Rhynchitobius Sharp, 1889)
- A. cassandrae (elytra with indistinct hair pattern)
- A. humeralis (elytra with humeral macula or all red, no hair pattern)

All Carribean, and Central American species belong in the last group. (4)
Range
most of the world; in our area, regionally in the US(1)(2)
Food
larvae develop in cut terminal leaf primordia of wide variety of hosts(1)
Remarks
our only representative of the cosmopolitan tribe Auletini Desbrochers 1908, that contains 5 genera(2);
respectively more, if several intrageneric taxa is given higher rank (4).
Works Cited
1.American Beetles, Volume II: Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea
Arnett, R.H., Jr., M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley and J. H. Frank. (eds.). 2002. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, FL.
2.A world catalogue of families and genera of Curculionoidea (Insecta: Coleoptera)
Alonso-Zarazaga M.A., Lyal C.H.C. 1999. Entomopraxis, Barcelona. 315 pp.
3.Revision der holarktischen Auletini (Coleoptera, Attelabidae)
Legalov, A.A. 2001. Russian Entomological Journal 10: 33-66.
4.A new species of the genus Zherichiniletus Legalov, 2003 with systematic notes on the tribes Sanyrevilleini, Auletini and
Legalov, A.A. 2011. Baltic Journal of Coleopterology .