Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Species Cimex lectularius - Common Bed Bug

Bed Bug - Cimex lectularius Cimex species (Bed Bug) - Cimex lectularius Common Bed Bug - Cimex lectularius Cimex  - Cimex lectularius Bed bug or other Cimicid? - Cimex lectularius - male Cimex lectularius Linnaeus - Cimex lectularius Cimex lectularius? - Cimex lectularius Cimex lectularius? - Cimex lectularius
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Infraorder Cimicomorpha
Superfamily Cimicoidea
Family Cimicidae (Bed Bugs)
Subfamily Cimicinae
Genus Cimex
Species lectularius (Common Bed Bug)
Explanation of Names
Cimex lectularius Linnaeus 1758
lectularius 'bed-related'
Size
5-9.5 mm
Identification
in C. hemipterus prothorax is less expanded laterally, and margins are less flattened; in bat bugs (several spp.) the pronotal fringe hairs are as long or longer than width of eye
Range
cosmopolitan(1)
Season
year-round
Food
blood of host animal
Life Cycle
multiple generations per year; mating occurs off the host and involves a unique form of copulation called ‘traumatic insemination’ whereby the male penetrates the female’s abdominal wall with his external genitalia and ejaculates into her body cavity. Adults live 6-12 months and may survive long periods without feeding.
Remarks
Introduced from Europe by early colonists. Suspected, but never proven, of transmitting 41 human disease organisms(1); may be naturally infected with several blood-borne pathogens, but is not effective as vector
Internet References
Fact sheet (Brooks 2014)(2)
Works Cited
1.Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs of Canada and the Continental United States
Thomas J. Henry, Richard C. Froeschner. 1988. Brill Academic Publishers.
2.University of Florida: Featured Creatures